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The Unequal Effects of Liberalization: Evidence from Dismantling the License Raj in India

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  • Philippe Aghion
  • Robin Burgess
  • Stephen Redding
  • Fabrizio Zilibotti

Abstract

We study whether the effects on registered manufacturing output of dismantling the License Raj � a system of central controls regulating entry and production activity in this sector � vary across Indian states with different labor market regulations. The effects are found to be unequal across Indian states with different labor market regulations. In particular, following delicensing, industries located in states with proemployer labor market institutions grew more quickly than those in proworker environments.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe Aghion & Robin Burgess & Stephen Redding & Fabrizio Zilibotti, 2007. "The Unequal Effects of Liberalization: Evidence from Dismantling the License Raj in India," IEW - Working Papers 345, Institute for Empirical Research in Economics - University of Zurich.
  • Handle: RePEc:zur:iewwpx:345
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    Keywords

    Distance to frontier; India; Industrial policy; Financial development; Labor regulation; Liberalization; Manufacturing; Reform.;

    JEL classification:

    • J52 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Dispute Resolution: Strikes, Arbitration, and Mediation
    • L11 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Production, Pricing, and Market Structure; Size Distribution of Firms
    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • P41 - Economic Systems - - Other Economic Systems - - - Planning, Coordination, and Reform

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