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From Stagnation to Sustained Growth: The Role of Female Empowerment

Listed author(s):
  • Claude Diebolt
  • Faustine Perrin

This paper explores the role of gender equality over a long-run economic and demographic development path of industrialized countries. Our unified cliometric growth model of female empowerment suggests that changes in gender relations are a key ingredient of economic development. The economy evolves from a Malthusian regime--with slow technological progress, low income and low fertility--to a Modern Growth regime, with high living standards and low fertility. The rise in technological progress, together with improvements in gender equality, generates a positive feedback loop that engages the process of human capital accumulation (economic transition) and triggers the demographic transition.

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File URL: http://www.aeaweb.org/articles.php?doi=10.1257/aer.103.3.545
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File URL: http://www.aeaweb.org/aer/ds/may2013/P2013_0118_ds.zip
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Article provided by American Economic Association in its journal American Economic Review.

Volume (Year): 103 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 (May)
Pages: 545-549

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Handle: RePEc:aea:aecrev:v:103:y:2013:i:3:p:545-49
Note: DOI: 10.1257/aer.103.3.545
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