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The Demographic Transition: Causes and Consequences

  • Galor, Oded

    ()

    (Brown University)

This paper develops the theoretical foundations and the testable implications of the various mechanisms that have been proposed as possible triggers for the demographic transition. Moreover, it examines the empirical validity of each of the theories and their significance for the understanding of the transition from stagnation to growth. The analysis suggests that the rise in the demand for human capital in the process of development was the main trigger for the decline in fertility and the transition to modern growth.

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File URL: http://ftp.iza.org/dp6334.pdf
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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 6334.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: Jan 2012
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Cliometrica, 6(1), 1-28
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6334
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  9. Oded Galor & Andrew Mountford, 2008. "Trading Population for Productivity: Theory and Evidence," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 75(4), pages 1143-1179.
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