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A Quantitative Analysis of Swedish Fertility Dynamics: 1751-1990

Author

Listed:
  • Zvi Eckstein

    (Tel Aviv University)

  • Pedro Mira

    (CEMFI)

  • Kenneth I. Wolpin

    (University of Pennsylvania)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the relationship between age-specific fertility, mortality and real wages in Sweden during the demographic transition. We fit a model of life cycle fertility to two and a half centuries of Swedish time-series data. The model fits the data well, accurately portraying the total fertility declines from more that four children per female before the mid-19th century to about two children today. About 80% of this decline was in fertility at female ages over 30. The fitted model implies that reductions in child mortality is the most important factor explaining the fertility decline. (Copyright: Elsevier)

Suggested Citation

  • Zvi Eckstein & Pedro Mira & Kenneth I. Wolpin, 1999. "A Quantitative Analysis of Swedish Fertility Dynamics: 1751-1990," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 2(1), pages 137-165, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:issued:v:2:y:1999:i:1:p:137-165
    DOI: 10.1006/redy.1998.0041
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Eckstein, Zvi & Schultz, T. Paul & Wolpin, Kenneth I., 1984. "Short-run fluctuations in fertility and mortality in pre-industrial Sweden," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 26(3), pages 295-317, December.
    2. Razin, Assaf & Ben-Zion, Uri, 1975. "An Intergenerational Model of Population Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 65(5), pages 923-933, December.
    3. Gary S. Becker & Robert J. Barro, 1988. "A Reformulation of the Economic Theory of Fertility," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 103(1), pages 1-25.
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • N30 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - General, International, or Comparative

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