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Towards Deeper Financial Integration in Europe: What the Banking Union Can Contribute

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  • Buch, Claudia M.
  • Körner, Tobias
  • Weigert, Benjamin

Abstract

The agreement to establish a Single Supervisory Mechanism in Europe is a major step towards a Banking Union, consisting of centralized powers for the supervision of banks, the restructuring and resolution of distressed banks, and a common deposit insurance system. In this paper, we argue that the Banking Union is a necessary complement to the common currency and the Internal Market for capital. However, due care needs to be taken that steps towards a Banking Union are taken in the right sequence and that liability and control remain at the same level throughout. The following elements are important. First, establishing a Single Supervisory Mechanism under the roof of the ECB and within the framework of the current EU treaties does not ensure a sufficient degree of independence of supervision and monetary policy. Second, a European institution for the restructuring and resolution of banks should be established and equipped with sufficient powers. Third, a fiscal backstop for bank restructuring is needed. The ESM can play a role but additional fiscal burden sharing agreements are needed. Direct recapitalization of banks through the ESM should not be possible until legacy assets on banks' balance sheets have been cleaned up. Fourth, introducing European-wide deposit insurance in the current situation would entail the mutualisation of legacy assets, thus contributing to moral hazard.

Suggested Citation

  • Buch, Claudia M. & Körner, Tobias & Weigert, Benjamin, 2013. "Towards Deeper Financial Integration in Europe: What the Banking Union Can Contribute," IWH Discussion Papers 13/2013, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:iwhdps:iwh-13-13
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    Cited by:

    1. Ansgar Belke & Daniel Gros, 2016. "On the Shock-Absorbing Properties of a Banking Union: Europe Compared with the United States," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 58(3), pages 359-386, September.
    2. David Schäfer, 2016. "A Banking Union of Ideas? The Impact of Ordoliberalism and the Vicious Circle on the EU Banking Union," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(4), pages 961-980, July.
    3. Buch, Claudia M. & Körner, Tobias & Weigert, Benjamin, 2013. "Stellungnahme anlässlich der öffentlichen Anhörung des Finanzausschusses des Deutschen Bundestages am 3. Juni 2013 zum „Entwurf eines Gesetzes zum Vorschlag für eine Verordnung des Rates zur Übertragu," IWH Online 5/2013, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    4. Projektgruppe Gemeinschaftsdiagnose, 2013. "Gemeinschaftsdiagnose Herbst 2013," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 80(43), pages 3-77.
    5. Ansgar Belke & Daniel Gros, 2015. "Banking Union as a Shock Absorber," ROME Working Papers 201502, ROME Network.
    6. Schäfer, David, 2016. "A banking union of ideas? The impact of ordoliberalism and the vicious circle on the EU banking union," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 65875, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    7. Paulo Ferreira, 2017. "Portuguese and Brazilian stock market integration: a non-linear and detrended approach," Portuguese Economic Journal, Springer;Instituto Superior de Economia e Gestao, vol. 16(1), pages 49-63, April.
    8. Claudia Lambert, 2014. "Die Verbindung zwischen Staats- und Bankrisiken: wie kann man diese entkoppeln?," DIW Roundup: Politik im Fokus 11, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    9. Bofinger, Peter & Buch, Claudia M. & Feld, Lars P. & Schmidt, Christoph M. & Wieland, Volker, 2013. "Gegen eine rückwärtsgewandte Wirtschaftspolitik. Jahresgutachten 2013/14," Annual Economic Reports / Jahresgutachten, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, volume 127, number 201314, September.
    10. Priyanshi Gupta & Sanjay Sehgal, 2020. "Convergence of retail banking interest rates to households in euro area: time-varying measurement and determinants," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 17(1), pages 25-65, February.
    11. Bofinger, Peter & Schnabel, Isabel & Feld, Lars P. & Schmidt, Christoph M. & Wieland, Volker, 2014. "Mehr Vertrauen in Marktprozesse. Jahresgutachten 2014/15," Annual Economic Reports / Jahresgutachten, German Council of Economic Experts / Sachverständigenrat zur Begutachtung der gesamtwirtschaftlichen Entwicklung, volume 127, number 201415, September.
    12. Projektgruppe Gemeinschaftsdiagnose, 2013. "Konjunktur zieht an – Haushaltsüberschüsse sinnvoll nutzen," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 66(20), pages 03-60, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    banking union; Europe; single supervisory mechanism; risk sharing;

    JEL classification:

    • E02 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Institutions and the Macroeconomy
    • E42 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Monetary Sytsems; Standards; Regimes; Government and the Monetary System
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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