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Private and Public Risk Sharing in the Euro Area

Author

Listed:
  • Jacopo Cimadomo

    (European Central Bank, Germany)

  • Oana Furtuna

    (University of Amsterdam and Tinbergen Institute, the Netherlands)

  • Massimo Giuliodori

    () (University of Amsterdam and Tinbergen Institute, The Netherlands)

Abstract

This paper investigates the contribution of private and public channels for consumption risk sharing in the EMU over the period 1999-2015. In particular, we explore the role of financial integration versus international financial assistance for private consumption smoothing in this set of countries. In addition, we present a time-varying test which allows estimating how risk sharing has evolved since the start of the EMU, and in particular during the recent crisis. Our results suggest that, whereas in the early years of the EMU only about 40% of output shocks were smoothed, in the aftermath of the euro zone’s sovereign debt crisis about 65% of output shocks were absorbed, therefore reducing consumption growth differentials across countries. This progressive improvement of the shock absorption capacity is due to a higher financial integration, but also to the activation of the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF) and the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) channelling official loans to distressed euro zone economies. We also show that cross-border holdings of equities and debt seem to be more effective than cross-border bank loans in isolating households from country-specific shocks, therefore contributing to consumption smoothing.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacopo Cimadomo & Oana Furtuna & Massimo Giuliodori, 2017. "Private and Public Risk Sharing in the Euro Area," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 17-064/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20170064
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Euro Area in the Age of COVID-19
      by Steve Cecchetti and Kim Schoenholtz in Money, Banking and Financial Markets on 2020-05-17 11:53:03

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    2. Francesco Spadafora, 2020. "Completing the Economic and Monetary Union: Wisdom Come Late?," Italian Economic Journal: A Continuation of Rivista Italiana degli Economisti and Giornale degli Economisti, Springer;Società Italiana degli Economisti (Italian Economic Association), vol. 6(3), pages 379-409, November.
    3. Gabrisch, Hubert, 2018. "A fire department for the Euro area: reflections on a fiscal risk-sharing capacity," MPRA Paper 83965, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Beetsma, Roel & Cima, Simone & Cimadomo, Jacopo, 2018. "A minimal moral hazard central stabilisation capacity for the EMU based on world trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 12600, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Francesco Spadafora, 2019. "European integration in the time of mistrust," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 512, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    6. Emter, Lorenz & Herzberg, Valerie, 2018. "The rationale for GDP-linked bonds for the euro area," Economic Letters 10/EL/18, Central Bank of Ireland.
    7. Esther Gordo & Ivan Kataryniuk, 2019. "Towards a more resilient euro area," Economics and Business Letters, Oviedo University Press, vol. 8(2), pages 106-114.
    8. Herzberg, Valerie & McQuade, Peter, 2018. "International bank flows and bank business models since the crisis," Financial Stability Notes 5/FS/18, Central Bank of Ireland.
    9. Gilles Dufrénot & Jean-Baptiste Gossé & Caroline Clerc, 2021. "Risk sharing in Europe: new empirical evidence on the capital markets channel," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(2), pages 262-276, January.
    10. Wilhelm Kohler & Gernot Müller & Susanne Wellmann, 2021. "Risk Sharing in Currency Unions: The Migration Channel," CESifo Working Paper Series 8982, CESifo.
    11. Beetsma, Roel & Burgoon, Brian & De Ruijter, Anniek & Nicoli, Francesco & Vandenbroucke, Frank, 2020. "What kind of EU fiscal capacity? Evidence from a randomized survey experiment in five European countries in times of corona," CEPR Discussion Papers 15094, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    12. Zouri, Stéphane, 2021. "New evidence on international risk-sharing in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)," International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 165(C), pages 121-139.
    13. Herzberg, Valerie & McQuade, Peter, 2018. "International bank flows and bank business models since the crisis," Financial Stability Notes 05-18, Central Bank of Ireland.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    risk sharing; time-variation; financial integration; international financial assistance;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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