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Private and Public Risk Sharing in the Euro Area

Author

Listed:
  • Jacopo Cimadomo

    (European Central Bank, Germany)

  • Oana Furtuna

    (University of Amsterdam and Tinbergen Institute, the Netherlands)

  • Massimo Giuliodori

    () (University of Amsterdam and Tinbergen Institute, The Netherlands)

Abstract

This paper investigates the contribution of private and public channels for consumption risk sharing in the EMU over the period 1999-2015. In particular, we explore the role of financial integration versus international financial assistance for private consumption smoothing in this set of countries. In addition, we present a time-varying test which allows estimating how risk sharing has evolved since the start of the EMU, and in particular during the recent crisis. Our results suggest that, whereas in the early years of the EMU only about 40% of output shocks were smoothed, in the aftermath of the euro zone’s sovereign debt crisis about 65% of output shocks were absorbed, therefore reducing consumption growth differentials across countries. This progressive improvement of the shock absorption capacity is due to a higher financial integration, but also to the activation of the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF) and the European Stability Mechanism (ESM) channelling official loans to distressed euro zone economies. We also show that cross-border holdings of equities and debt seem to be more effective than cross-border bank loans in isolating households from country-specific shocks, therefore contributing to consumption smoothing.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacopo Cimadomo & Oana Furtuna & Massimo Giuliodori, 2017. "Private and Public Risk Sharing in the Euro Area," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 17-064/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20170064
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Beetsma, Roel & Cima, Simone & Cimadomo, Jacopo, 2018. "A minimal moral hazard central stabilisation capacity for the EMU based on world trade," CEPR Discussion Papers 12600, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    risk sharing; time-variation; financial integration; international financial assistance;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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