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The effectiveness of the ECB's asset purchase programs of 2009 to 2012

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Listed:
  • Gibson, Heather D.
  • Hall, Stephen G.
  • Tavlas, George S.

Abstract

We examine the impact of the ECB's Securities Market Program (SMP) and the ECB's two Covered Bond Purchase Programs (CBPPs) on sovereign bond spreads and covered-bond prices, respectively, for five euro-area stressed countries – Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, and Spain. Our data are monthly and cover the period from 2004M01 through 2014M07. In contrast to previous studies, we use actual, confidential, intervention data. Our results indicate that the respective asset purchase programs reduced sovereign spreads and raised covered bond prices. The quantitative effects of the programs were modest in magnitude, but nevertheless significant. We also provide a simple theoretical model that explains why official asset purchases can reduce a country's default-risk spreads.

Suggested Citation

  • Gibson, Heather D. & Hall, Stephen G. & Tavlas, George S., 2016. "The effectiveness of the ECB's asset purchase programs of 2009 to 2012," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 47(PA), pages 45-57.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jmacro:v:47:y:2016:i:pa:p:45-57
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jmacro.2015.09.006
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Harris Dellas & Dirk Niepelt, 2013. "Credibility For Sale," Working Papers 13.05, Swiss National Bank, Study Center Gerzensee.
    2. Peersman, Gert, 2011. "Macroeconomic effects of unconventional monetary policy in the euro area," Working Paper Series 1397, European Central Bank.
    3. Heather Gibson & Stephen Hall & George Tavlas, 2015. "Are all sovereigns equal? A test of the common determination of sovereign spreads in the euro area," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 48(3), pages 939-949, May.
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    7. Gibson, Heather D. & Hall, Stephen G. & Tavlas, George S., 2014. "Fundamentally Wrong: Market Pricing of Sovereigns and the Greek Financial Crisis," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 39(PB), pages 405-419.
    8. Urszula Szczerbowicz, 2015. "The ECB Unconventional Monetary Policies: Have They Lowered Market Borrowing Costs for Banks and Governments?," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 11(4), pages 91-127, December.
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    15. Beirne, John & Dalitz, Lars & Ejsing, Jacob & Grothe, Magdalena & Manganelli, Simone & Monar, Fernando & Sahel, Benjamin & Sušec, Matjaž & Tapking, Jens & Vong, Tana, 2011. "The impact of the Eurosystem's covered bond purchase programme on the primary and secondary markets," Occasional Paper Series 122, European Central Bank.
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    Cited by:

    1. Afonso, António & Arghyrou, Michael G. & Gadea, María Dolores & Kontonikas, Alexandros, 2018. "“Whatever it takes” to resolve the European sovereign debt crisis? Bond pricing regime switches and monetary policy effects," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 1-30.
    2. repec:eee:jmacro:v:55:y:2018:i:c:p:64-76 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Albulescu, Claudiu Tiberiu & Ionescu, Adrian Marius, 2018. "The long-run impact of monetary policy uncertainty and banking stability on inward FDI in EU countries," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 72-81.
    4. repec:eee:quaeco:v:66:y:2017:i:c:p:314-327 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Jacopo Cimadomo & Oana Furtuna & Massimo Giuliodori, 2017. "Private and Public Risk Sharing in the Euro Area," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 17-064/VI, Tinbergen Institute.
    6. Michael G. Arghyrou & Maria Dolores Gadea, 2019. "Private bank deposits and macro/fiscal risk in the euro-area," CESifo Working Paper Series 7532, CESifo Group Munich.
    7. repec:fau:fauart:v:68:y:2018:i:2:p:100-119 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Haitsma, Reinder & Unalmis, Deren & de Haan, Jakob, 2016. "The impact of the ECB's conventional and unconventional monetary policies on stock markets," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 101-116.
    9. repec:aic:revebs:y:2017:j:19:melnicf is not listed on IDEAS
    10. repec:kuk:journl:v:50:y:2017:i:4:p:455-488 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Christophe Blot & Jérôme Creel & Paul Hubert & Fabien Labondance, 2017. "Eurozone bond market dynamics, ECB monetary policy and financial stress," Sciences Po publications 18, Sciences Po.
    12. Christophe Blot & Paul Hubert, 2018. "Monetary policy with transitory vs. permanently low growth," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/6gjj4t61tm9, Sciences Po.
    13. repec:eee:jpolmo:v:39:y:2017:i:2:p:272-289 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. repec:eco:journ2:2018-03-17 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary-policy effectiveness; ECB's asset purchase programs; Euro-area crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G12 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Asset Pricing; Trading Volume; Bond Interest Rates

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