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The economics and empirics of tax competition: A survey

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  • Baskaran, Thushyanthan
  • Lopes da Fonseca, Mariana

Abstract

We survey the theoretical and empirical literature on local and international tax competition in Economics. Based on this survey, we discuss whether EU countries should harmonize tax policies to prevent a race to the bottom. Much of the evidence suggests that tax competition does not lead to significant reductions in tax revenues. Therefore, we conclude that tax coordination is in all likelihood unnecessary to prevent inefficiently low levels of taxation in the EU. But since the evidence against adverse effects of tax competition is not unambiguous, we also discuss whether intergovernmental transfers might be a less invasive means than outright tax harmonization to prevent a race to the bottom.

Suggested Citation

  • Baskaran, Thushyanthan & Lopes da Fonseca, Mariana, 2013. "The economics and empirics of tax competition: A survey," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 163, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:cegedp:163
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    Cited by:

    1. Gerda Dewit & Kate Hynes & Dermot Leahy, 2014. "Corporate Tax Games with International Externalities from Public Infrastructure," Economics Department Working Paper Series n250-14.pdf, Department of Economics, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    2. Thomas Eichner & Rüdiger Pethig, 2020. "Kant–Nash tax competition," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 27(5), pages 1108-1147, October.
    3. Yuya Kikuchi & Toshiki Tamai, 2019. "Tax competition, unemployment, and intergovernmental transfers," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 26(4), pages 899-918, August.
    4. Streif, Frank, 2015. "Tax competition in Europe: Europe in competition with other world regions?," ZEW Discussion Papers 15-082, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    5. Działo Joanna, 2015. "Tax Competition Or Tax Coordination? What Is Better For The European Union? / Konkurewncja Podatkowa Czy Koordynacja Podatków? Co Jest Lepsze Dla Unii Europejskiej?," Comparative Economic Research, Sciendo, vol. 18(2), pages 37-55, June.
    6. Krishanu Karmakar & Jorge Martinez-Vazquez, 2014. "Fiscal Competition versus Fiscal Harmonization: A Review of the Arguments," International Center for Public Policy Working Paper Series, at AYSPS, GSU paper1431, International Center for Public Policy, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University.
    7. Raffaele Miniaci & Paolo Panteghini & Giulia Rivolta, 2018. "The Estimation of Reaction Functions under Tax Competition," CESifo Working Paper Series 6928, CESifo.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Tax competition; Tax coordination; European Union; Fiscal federalism;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F59 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - Other
    • H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion and Avoidance
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism

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