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Do Fiscal Transfers Alleviate Business Tax Competition? Evidence from Germany

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Listed:
  • Peter Egger
  • Marko Köthenbürger
  • Michael Smart

Abstract

The paper empirically analyzes the incentive effects of equalizing transfers on business tax policy by exploiting a natural experiment in the state of Lower Saxony which changed its equalization formula as of 1999. We resort to within-state and across-state difference-in-difference estimates to identify the reform effect on municipalities' business tax rates. Confirming the theoretical prediction, the reform had a significant impact on the municipalities’ tax policy in the four years after the reform with a “phasing out” of the effect starting in the fourth to fifth year. The finding is robust to various alternative specifications.

Suggested Citation

  • Peter Egger & Marko Köthenbürger & Michael Smart, 2007. "Do Fiscal Transfers Alleviate Business Tax Competition? Evidence from Germany," CESifo Working Paper Series 1955, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_1955
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    References listed on IDEAS

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