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Trade, Intellectual Property Rights, and the World Trade Organization

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  • Kamal Saggi

    (Vanderbilt University)

Abstract

This paper surveys the literature on international trade and the protection of intellectual property rights (IPRs) in the global economy. The discussion is organized around the major questions in the field. How does openness to trade affect national incentives for patent protection? What is the rationale for international coordination over patent policies? Given that countries are highly asymmetric with respect to their technological capabilities, what incentives do lagging countries have for enforcing IPRs and what are the consequences of requiring them to do so? To what extent do empirical studies support the major arguments for and against the Agreement on Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)? Finally, can the structure of TRIPS -- both in terms of the core obligations it imposes on WTO members and the flexibilities that it provides them with respect to exhaustion policies and the use of compulsory licensing -- be reconciled with existing models of IPR protection in the global economy?

Suggested Citation

  • Kamal Saggi, 2016. "Trade, Intellectual Property Rights, and the World Trade Organization," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers 16-00014, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:van:wpaper:vuecon-sub-16-00014
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    6. Eric W Bond & Kamal Saggi, "undated". "Compulsory licensing and patent protection: a North-South perspective," Vanderbilt University Department of Economics Working Papers 16-00011, Vanderbilt University Department of Economics.
    7. Keller, Wolfgang, 2020. "Comments on Mandelman and Waddle's “Intellectual property, tariffs, and international trade dynamics”," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 104-106.

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    18. Elif Bascavusoglu & Maria Pluvia Zuniga, 2005. "The effects of intellectual property protection on international knowledge contracting," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques bla05009, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
    19. Neves, Pedro Cunha & Afonso, Oscar & Silva, Diana & Sochirca, Elena, 2021. "The link between intellectual property rights, innovation, and growth: A meta-analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 196-209.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    intellectual property rights; TRIPS; WTO; innovation; trade; foreign direct investment; imitation; patent protection; welfare; exhaustion policies; compulsory licensing.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • O3 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

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