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Oil Curse, Economic Growth and Trade Openness

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Abstract

An important economic paradox that frequently arises in the economic literature is that countries with abundant natural resources are poor in terms of real gross domestic product per capita. This paradox, known as the ‘resource curse’, is contrary to the conventional intuition that natural resources help to improve economic growth and prosperity. Using panel data for 95 countries, this study revisits the resource curse paradox in terms of oil resources abundance for the period 1980–2017. In addition, the study examines the role of trade openness in influencing the relationship between oil abundance and economic growth. The study finds that trade openness is a possible avenue to reduce the resource curse. Trade openness allows countries to obtain competitive prices for their resources in the international market and access advanced technologies to extract resources more efficiently. Therefore, natural resource–rich economies can reduce the resource curse by opening themselves to international trade.

Suggested Citation

  • Vespignani, Joaquin & Raghavan, Mala & Majumder, Monoj Kumar, 2019. "Oil Curse, Economic Growth and Trade Openness," Working Papers 2019-06, University of Tasmania, Tasmanian School of Business and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:tas:wpaper:31660
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    Keywords

    Oil rents; real GDP per capita; trade openness; dynamic panel data model;

    JEL classification:

    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy

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