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How Much Did China's WTO Accession Increase Economic Growth in Resource-Rich Countries?


  • Andersen, Thomas Barnebeck

    () (Department of Business and Economics)

  • Barslund, Mikkel

    (Center for European Policy Studies)

  • Hansen, Casper Worm

    (Department of Economics)

  • Harr, Thomas

    (Standard Chartered Bank)

  • Jensen, Peter Sandholt

    () (Department of Business and Economics)


We provide an estimate of China’s impact on the growth rate of resource-rich countries after its WTO accession on 11 December 2001. Our empirical approach follows the logic of the differences-in-differences estimator. In addition to temporal variation arising from the WTO accession, which we argue was exogenous to other countries’ growth trajectories, we exploit spatial variation arising from differences in natural resource wealth. This allows us to compare changes in economic growth in the post-accession period relative to the pre-accession period between countries that were able to benefit from the surge in demand for industrial commodities brought about by China’s WTO accession and countries that were less able to do so. We find that roughly one tenth of average annual post-accession growth in resource-rich countries was due to China’s increased appetite for commodities. We use this finding to inform the debate about what will happen to economic growth in resource-rich countries as China rebalances and its demand for commodities weakens.

Suggested Citation

  • Andersen, Thomas Barnebeck & Barslund, Mikkel & Hansen, Casper Worm & Harr, Thomas & Jensen, Peter Sandholt, 2013. "How Much Did China's WTO Accession Increase Economic Growth in Resource-Rich Countries?," Discussion Papers of Business and Economics 15/2013, University of Southern Denmark, Department of Business and Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:sdueko:2013_015

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    Cited by:

    1. Gauvin, Ludovic & Rebillard, Cyril, 2013. "Towards Recoupling? Assessing the Impact of a Chinese Hard Landing on Commodity Exporters: Results from Conditional Forecast in a GVAR Model," MPRA Paper 65457, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Addison,Tony & Boly,Amadou & Mveyange,Anthony Francis, 2016. "Mining and economic development : did China's WTO accession affect African local economic development ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7906, The World Bank.

    More about this item


    Economic growth; natural resources; WTO; China;

    JEL classification:

    • F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General
    • F62 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Macroeconomic Impacts

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