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Forecasting the production side of GDP

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  • Gregor Bäurle
  • Elizabeth Steiner
  • Gabriel Züllig

Abstract

We evaluate the forecasting performance of time series models for the production side of gross domestic product (GDP)—that is, for the sectoral real value‐added series summing up to aggregate output. We focus on two strategies to model a large number of interdependent time series simultaneously: a Bayesian vector autoregressive model (BVAR) and a factor model structure; and compare them to simple aggregate and disaggregate benchmarks. We evaluate point and density forecasts for aggregate GDP and the cross‐sectional distribution of sectoral real value‐added growth in the euro area and Switzerland. We find that the factor model structure outperforms the benchmarks in most tests, and in many cases also the BVAR. An analysis of the covariance matrix of the sectoral forecast errors suggests that the superiority can be traced back to the ability to capture sectoral comovement more accurately.
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Suggested Citation

  • Gregor Bäurle & Elizabeth Steiner & Gabriel Züllig, 2018. "Forecasting the production side of GDP," Working Papers 2018-16, Swiss National Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:snb:snbwpa:2018-16
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    1. Kleyton da Costa & Felipe Leite Coelho da Silva & Josiane da Silva Cordeiro Coelho & Andr'e de Melo Modenesi, 2020. "A Systematic Comparison of Forecasting for Gross Domestic Product in an Emergent Economy," Papers 2010.13259, arXiv.org, revised Mar 2022.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Forecasting; GDP; Sectoral heterogeneity; Bayesian vector auto regression; Dynamic Factor Model;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C11 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Bayesian Analysis: General
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C38 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Classification Methdos; Cluster Analysis; Principal Components; Factor Analysis
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E37 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications

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