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Out-of-sample comparison of copula specifications in multivariate density forecasts

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  • Diks, Cees
  • Panchenko, Valentyn
  • van Dijk, Dick

Abstract

We introduce a statistical test for comparing the predictive accuracy of competing copula specifications in multivariate density forecasts, based on the Kullback-Leibler information criterion (KLIC). The test is valid under general conditions on the competing copulas: in particular it allows for parameter estimation uncertainty and for the copulas to be nested or non-nested. Monte Carlo simulations demonstrate that the proposed test has satisfactory size and power properties in finite samples. Applying the test to daily exchange rate returns of several major currencies against the US dollar we find that the Student-t copula is favored over Gaussian, Gumbel and Clayton copulas.

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  • Diks, Cees & Panchenko, Valentyn & van Dijk, Dick, 2010. "Out-of-sample comparison of copula specifications in multivariate density forecasts," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 34(9), pages 1596-1609, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:dyncon:v:34:y:2010:i:9:p:1596-1609
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    Cited by:

    1. Koziol, Philipp & Schell, Carmen & Eckhardt, Meik, 2015. "Credit risk stress testing and copulas: Is the Gaussian copula better than its reputation?," Discussion Papers 46/2015, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    2. Krenar AVDULAJ & Jozef BARUNIK, 2013. "Can We Still Benefit from International Diversification? The Case of the Czech and German Stock Markets," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 63(5), pages 425-442, November.
    3. Hayette Gatfaoui, 2010. "Investigating the dependence structure between credit default swap spreads and the U.S. financial market," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 6(4), pages 511-535, October.
    4. Cees Diks & Valentyn Panchenko & Oleg Sokolinskiy, & Dick van Dijk, 2013. "Comparing the Accuracy of Copula-Based Multivariate Density Forecasts in Selected Regions of Support," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 13-061/III, Tinbergen Institute.
    5. Diaa Noureldin & Neil Shephard & Kevin Sheppard, 2012. "Multivariate high‐frequency‐based volatility (HEAVY) models," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(6), pages 907-933, September.
    6. Anufriev, Mikhail & Panchenko, Valentyn, 2015. "Connecting the dots: Econometric methods for uncovering networks with an application to the Australian financial institutions," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 61(S2), pages 241-255.
    7. Marc Gronwald & Janina Ketterer & Stefan Trück, 2011. "The Dependence Structure between Carbon Emission Allowances and Financial Markets - A Copula Analysis," CESifo Working Paper Series 3418, CESifo Group Munich.
    8. Balaev, Alexey, 2014. "The copula based on multivariate t-distribution with vector of degrees of freedom," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 33(1), pages 90-110.
    9. Liu, Xiaochun, 2015. "Modeling time-varying skewness via decomposition for out-of-sample forecast," International Journal of Forecasting, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 296-311.
    10. Diks, Cees & Panchenko, Valentyn & Sokolinskiy, Oleg & van Dijk, Dick, 2014. "Comparing the accuracy of multivariate density forecasts in selected regions of the copula support," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 79-94.
    11. Avdulaj, Krenar & Barunik, Jozef, 2015. "Are benefits from oil–stocks diversification gone? New evidence from a dynamic copula and high frequency data," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 31-44.
    12. Gregor Weiß, 2013. "Copula-GARCH versus dynamic conditional correlation: an empirical study on VaR and ES forecasting accuracy," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 41(2), pages 179-202, August.
    13. Weiß, Gregor N.F., 2011. "Are Copula-GoF-tests of any practical use? Empirical evidence for stocks, commodities and FX futures," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(2), pages 173-188, May.
    14. repec:spr:annopr:v:262:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s10479-016-2137-0 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Pelster, Matthias & Vilsmeier, Johannes, 2016. "The determinants of CDS spreads: Evidence from the model space," Discussion Papers 43/2016, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    16. Pircalabu, A. & Hvolby, T. & Jung, J. & Høg, E., 2017. "Joint price and volumetric risk in wind power trading: A copula approach," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 139-154.
    17. Patton, Andrew, 2013. "Copula Methods for Forecasting Multivariate Time Series," Handbook of Economic Forecasting, Elsevier.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Copula-based density forecast Empirical copula Kullback-Leibler information criterion Out-of-sample forecast evaluation Semi-parametric statistics;

    JEL classification:

    • C12 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Hypothesis Testing: General
    • C14 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Semiparametric and Nonparametric Methods: General
    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods

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