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An In-Sample and Out-of-Sample Empirical Investigation of the Nonlinearity in House Prices of South Africa

  • Mehmet Balcilar

    ()

    (Department of Economics, Eastern Mediterranean University, Famagusta, North Cyprus,via Mersin 10, Turkey)

  • Rangan Gupta

    ()

    (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)

  • Zahra Shah

    ()

    (Department of Economics, University of Pretoria)

This paper first tests if housing prices in the five segments of the South African housing market, namely, large-middle, medium-middle, small-middle, luxury and affordable, exhibits non-linearity based on smooth transition autoregressive (STAR) models estimated using quarterly data covering the period of 1970:Q2 to 2009:Q3. We find overwhelming evidence of non-linearity in these five segments based on in-sample evaluation of the linear and non-linear models. We then provide further support for non-linearity by comparing one- to four-quarters-ahead out-of-sample forecasts of the non-linear time series model with those of the classical and Bayesian versions of the linear autoregressive (AR) models for each of these segments, over an out-of-sample horizon of 2001:Q1 to 2009:Q3, using an in-sample period from 1970:Q2 to 2000:Q4. Our results indicate that barring the one-, two and four-step(s)-ahead forecasts of the small-middle-segment, the non-linear model always outperforms the linear models.

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Paper provided by University of Pretoria, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers with number 201008.

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Length: 17 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:pre:wpaper:201008
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Web page: http://www.up.ac.za/economics

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