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Consumption, Housing Collateral, and the Canadian Business Cycle

Author

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  • Ian Christensen
  • Paul Corrigan
  • Caterina Mendicino
  • Shin-Ichi Nishiyama

Abstract

Using Bayesian methods, we estimate a small open economy model in which consumers face limits to credit determined by the value of their housing stock. The purpose of this paper is to quantify the role of collateralized household debt in the Canadian business cycle. Our findings show that the presence of borrowing constraints improves the performance of the model in terms of overall goodness of fit. In particular, the presence of housing collateral generates a positive correlation between consumption and house prices. Finally we find that housing collateral induced spillovers account for a large share of consumption growth during the housing market boom-bust cycle of the late 1980s.

Suggested Citation

  • Ian Christensen & Paul Corrigan & Caterina Mendicino & Shin-Ichi Nishiyama, 2009. "Consumption, Housing Collateral, and the Canadian Business Cycle," Staff Working Papers 09-26, Bank of Canada.
  • Handle: RePEc:bca:bocawp:09-26
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Kristine Vitola & Ludmila Fadejeva, 2010. "Asset Prices and Financial Frictions in Monetary Transmission: The Case of Latvia," Working Papers 2010/03, Latvijas Banka.
    2. Mendicino, Caterina & Punzi, Maria Teresa, 2014. "House prices, capital inflows and macroprudential policy," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 337-355.
    3. Sami Alpanda & Gino Cateau & Cesaire Meh, 2014. "A policy model to analyze macroprudential regulations and monetary policy," BIS Working Papers 461, Bank for International Settlements.
    4. Mara Pirovano, 2013. "Household and firm leverage, capital flows and monetary policy in a small open economy," Working Paper Research 246, National Bank of Belgium.
    5. Rangan Gupta & Marius Jurgilas & Stephen M. Miller & Dylan van Wyk, 2010. "Financial Market Liberalization, Monetary Policy, and Housing Price Dynamics," Working Papers 201009, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    6. Jan Bruha & Jiri Polansky, 2014. "The Housing Sector over Business Cycles: Empirical Analysis and DSGE Modelling," Working Papers 2014/12, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
    7. Viktors Ajevskis & Kristine Vitola, 2011. "Housing and Banking in a Small Open Economy DSGE Model," Working Papers 2011/03, Latvijas Banka.
    8. John Muellbauer & Pierre St-Amant & David Williams, 2015. "Credit Conditions and Consumption, House Prices and Debt: What Makes Canada Different?," Staff Working Papers 15-40, Bank of Canada.
    9. Sandra Gomes & Caterina Mendicino, 2011. "Housing Market Dynamics: Any News?," Working Papers w201121, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
    10. Balcilar, Mehmet & Gupta, Rangan & Shah, Zahra B., 2011. "An in-sample and out-of-sample empirical investigation of the nonlinearity in house prices of South Africa," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 28(3), pages 891-899, May.
    11. Mehmet Balcilar & Rangan Gupta & Stephen M. Miller, 2012. "The Out-of-Sample Forecasting Performance of Non-Linear Models of Regional Housing Prices in the US," Working Papers 15-27, Eastern Mediterranean University, Department of Economics.
    12. František Brazdik & Michal Hlavacek & Aleš Marsal, 2012. "Survey of Research on Financial Sector Modeling within DSGE Models: What Central Banks Can Learn from It," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 62(3), pages 252-277, July.
    13. Jan Bruha & Jaromir Tonner, 2014. "The Czech Housing Market Through the Lens of a DSGE Model Containing Collateral-Constrained Households," Working Papers 2014/09, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
    14. Nurlan Turdaliev & Yahong Zhang, 2017. "Household Debt, Macroprudential Rules, and Monetary Policy," Working Papers 1704, University of Windsor, Department of Economics, revised May 2017.
    15. Jan Bruha & Michal Hlavacek & Lubos Komarek, 2013. "Impacts of housing prices on the financial position of households," Occasional Publications - Chapters in Edited Volumes,in: CNB Financial Stability Report 2012/2013, chapter 0, pages 120-127 Czech National Bank, Research Department.
    16. International Monetary Fund, 2014. "Canada; Financial Sector Assessment Program-Stress Testing-Technical Note," IMF Staff Country Reports 14/69, International Monetary Fund.
    17. Gabriel Bruneau & Ian Christensen & Césaire Meh, 2016. "Housing Market Dynamics and Macroprudential Policy," Staff Working Papers 16-31, Bank of Canada.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business fluctuations and cycles; Credit and credit aggregates; Transmission of monetary policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • R21 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Housing Demand

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