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New Keynesian Models, Durable Goods and Collateral Constraints

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  • Monacelli, Tommaso

Abstract

Econometric evidence suggests that, in response to monetary policy shocks, durable and non-durable spending comove positively, and durable spending exhibits a much larger sensitivity to the policy shocks. A standard two-sector New Keynesian model with free borrowing persistently exhibits a co-movement problem: if spending contracts in one sector, it expands in the other. We argue that, even when durable prices are flexible, the introduction of a collateral constraint on borrowing and the consideration of durables as collateral assets generate both a correct sectoral co-movement and a procyclical response of durable consumption to policy shocks. In this vein, collateral constraints act as a substitute of nominal rigidity in durable prices. However, since in the model nominal non-indexed debt and the collateral constraint generate alternative channels for monetary non-neutrality, our framework leaves room for relaxing the assumption of price stickiness also for nondurable goods prices, in line with some recent micro-based evidence. In a limit case of fully flexible prices in both sectors, a policy shock still generates a sizeable degree of monetary non-neutrality, as well as the correct sectoral co-movement. In this vein, collateral constraints act as a substitute of price stickiness altogether.

Suggested Citation

  • Monacelli, Tommaso, 2006. "New Keynesian Models, Durable Goods and Collateral Constraints," CEPR Discussion Papers 5916, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:5916
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    collateral constraint; durable goods; sticky prices;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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