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Are Wealth Effects Important for Canada

Some analysts believe that a sharp rise in equity values was an important factor in the strong consumer spending between 1995 and 2000. Empirical evidence suggests, however, that consumer spending responds more to changes in housing wealth than it does to equity wealth. Pichette reports findings from an earlier study by Pichette and Tremblay (2003) which used a vector-error-correction model to determine the long-run relationship between various components of wealth and consumer spending. The study found that consumption does not respond significantly to a permanent increase in stock market wealth, while a permanent increase in housing wealth leads to a significant rise in consumption. These findings suggest important implications for monetary policy decision-makers, since movements in wealth will also affect aggregate demand and inflation.

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Article provided by Bank of Canada in its journal Bank of Canada Review.

Volume (Year): 2004 (2004)
Issue (Month): Spring ()
Pages: 29-35

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Handle: RePEc:bca:bcarev:v:2004:y:2004:i:spring04:p:29-35
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  6. Case, Karl E. & Quigley, John M. & Shiller, Robert J., 2001. "Comparing Wealth Effects: The Stock Market versus The Housing Market," Department of Economics, Working Paper Series qt44k6g6vx, Department of Economics, Institute for Business and Economic Research, UC Berkeley.
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  10. Newey, Whitney K & West, Kenneth D, 1987. "A Simple, Positive Semi-definite, Heteroskedasticity and Autocorrelation Consistent Covariance Matrix," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 55(3), pages 703-08, May.
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  14. Lettau, Martin & Ludvigson, Sydney, 2001. "Understanding Trend and Cycle in Asset Values: Bulls, Bears and the Wealth Effect on Consumption," CEPR Discussion Papers 3104, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  15. Lise Pichette, 2000. "Les effets réels du cours des actions sur la consommation," Working Papers 00-21, Bank of Canada.
  16. Sydney Ludvigson & Charles Steindel, 1999. "How important is the stock market effect on consumption?," Economic Policy Review, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, issue Jul, pages 29-51.
  17. Gonzalo, J. & Ng, S., 1996. "A Systematic Framework for Analyzing the Dynamic Effects of Permanent and Transitory Shocks," Cahiers de recherche 9603, Universite de Montreal, Departement de sciences economiques.
  18. Johansen, Soren, 1988. "Statistical analysis of cointegration vectors," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 12(2-3), pages 231-254.
  19. Milton Friedman, 1957. "A Theory of the Consumption Function," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number frie57-1.
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