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Business Uncertainty and the Effectiveness of Fiscal Policy in Germany

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  • Berg, Tim Oliver

Abstract

This paper explores how business uncertainty affects the effectiveness of fiscal policy in Germany in the years 1970 to 2014. I use measures of business uncertainty that are derived from the firm-level data of the Ifo Business Climate Survey and interact them with the parameters of a structural vector autoregression to produce state-dependent spending multipliers. I observe that fiscal policy is most effective when uncertainty is high and that the difference in multipliers across uncertainty levels is largest for longer-term horizons. The results also point to a prominent role for business confidence in the state-dependent transmission of spending shocks to output. The findings have an important implication for stabilization policies. Since monetary policy is less effective during volatile episodes, fiscal policy is the better tool to stimulate the economy in uncertain times.

Suggested Citation

  • Berg, Tim Oliver, 2016. "Business Uncertainty and the Effectiveness of Fiscal Policy in Germany," MPRA Paper 69162, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:69162
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:ces:ifosdt:v:70:y:2017:i:15:p:19-25 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Christian Grimme & Magnus Reif & Timo Wollmershäuser, 2016. "Die Auswirkungen des britischen Votums für einen Brexit auf die deutsche Konjunktur 2016/17," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 69(13), pages 38-43, July.
    3. Christian Grimme & Marc Stöckli, 2017. "Makroökonomische Unsicherheit in Deutschland," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 70(06), pages 41-50, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business Uncertainty; Government Spending Multiplier; Interacted Vector Autoregression; Germany;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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