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Why Do Fiscal Multipliers Depend on Fiscal Positions?

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Listed:
  • Huidrom, Raju
  • Kose, Ayhan
  • Lim, Jamus
  • Ohnsorge, Franziska

Abstract

The fiscal position can affect fiscal multipliers through two channels. Through the Ricardian channel, households reduce consumption in anticipation of future fiscal adjustments when fiscal stimulus is implemented from a weak fiscal position. Through the interest rate channel, fiscal stimulus from a weak fiscal position heightens investors' concerns about sovereign credit risk, raises economy-wide borrowing cost, and reduces private domestic demand. We document empirically the relevance of these two channels using an Interactive Panel Vector Auto Regression model. We find that fiscal multipliers tend to be smaller when fiscal positions are weak than strong.

Suggested Citation

  • Huidrom, Raju & Kose, Ayhan & Lim, Jamus & Ohnsorge, Franziska, 2019. "Why Do Fiscal Multipliers Depend on Fiscal Positions?," CEPR Discussion Papers 13648, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:13648
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fiscal multipliers; fiscal position; interest rate; Ricardian channel; state-dependency;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • H60 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt - - - General

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