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Cross-Border M&As and Innovative Activity of Acquiring and Target Firms

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  • Joel Stiebale

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effects of cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As) on the innovation of European firms. The results indicate a considerable increase in post-acquisition innovation in the merged entity. This is mainly driven by inventors based in the acquirer's country, while innovation in the target's country tends to decline. The asymmetry of effects between acquiring and target firms increases with pre-acquisition differences in knowledge stocks, indicating a relocation of innovative activities to more efficient usage within multinational firms. Instrumental variable techniques as well as a propensity-score matching approach indicate that the effect of cross-border M&As on innovation is causal.

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  • Joel Stiebale, 2014. "Cross-Border M&As and Innovative Activity of Acquiring and Target Firms," Discussion Papers 2014-06, University of Nottingham, GEP.
  • Handle: RePEc:not:notgep:14/06
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    Cited by:

    1. International Monetary Fund [IMF], 2018. "World Economic Outlook, April 2018: Cyclical Upswing, Structural Change," Working Papers id:12768, eSocialSciences.
    2. Schwab, Thomas & Todtenhaupt, Maximilian, 2016. "Spillover from the haven: Cross-border externalities of patent box regimes within multinational firms," ZEW Discussion Papers 16-073, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    3. Schwab, Thomas & Todtenhaupt, Maximilian, 2017. "Spillover from the Haven: Cross-border Externalities of Patent Box Regimes within Multinational Firms," Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168148, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    4. repec:eee:inecon:v:112:y:2018:i:c:p:70-87 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:sls:ipmsls:v:32:y:2017:4 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. von Hagen, Dominik & Pönnighaus, Fabian Nicolas, 2017. "International taxation and M&A prices," ZEW Discussion Papers 17-040, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    7. María García-Vega & Patricia Hofmann & Richard Kneller, 2015. "Multinationals and the Globalization of R&D," Discussion Papers 2015-18, University of Nottingham, GEP.

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    Keywords

    Multinational Enterprises; Mergers and Acquisitions; Innovation;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • D22 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives

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