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Location of R&D and High-Tech Production by Vertically Integrated Multinationals

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  • Karolina Ekholm
  • Katariina Hakkala

Abstract

This article extends the theory of multinational firms by allowing for agglomeration forces in firm-level activities such as R&D as well as in production. We develop a two-country general-equilibrium model where firms make separate choices about the location of R&D and production. There are R&D spillovers and a home-market effect creating incentives for firms to locate production in the relatively large market. For relatively weak R&D spillovers and intermediate trade costs, the smaller economy tends to specialise in R&D. While skilled labour may gain from hosting an agglomeration of R&D activities, unskilled labour Copyright 2007 The Author(s). Journal compilation Royal Economic Society 2007.

Suggested Citation

  • Karolina Ekholm & Katariina Hakkala, 2007. "Location of R&D and High-Tech Production by Vertically Integrated Multinationals," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 117(518), pages 512-543, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecj:econjl:v:117:y:2007:i:518:p:512-543
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    Cited by:

    1. Stiebale, Joel & Vencappa, Dev, 2016. "Acquisitions, markups, efficiency, and product quality: Evidence from India," DICE Discussion Papers 229, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
    2. Roger Bandick & Holger Görg & Patrik Karpaty, 2016. "Foreign Acquisitions, Domestic Multinationals, and R&D," World Scientific Book Chapters,in: MULTINATIONAL ENTERPRISES AND HOST COUNTRY DEVELOPMENT Volume 53: World Scientific Studies in International Economics, chapter 4, pages 53-77 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    3. Rachel Griffith & Gareth Macartney, 2014. "Employment Protection Legislation, Multinational Firms, and Innovation," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 96(1), pages 135-150, March.
    4. Santos-Paulino, Amelia U. & Squicciarini, Mariagrazia & Fan, Peilei, 2008. "R&D (Re)location: A Bird's Eye (Re)view," WIDER Working Paper Series 100, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. Patrik Karpaty & Patrik Gustavsson Tingvall, 2015. "Offshoring and Home Country R&D," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 38(4), pages 655-676, April.
    6. Stiebale, Joel & Wößner, Nicole, 2017. "M&As, investment and financing constraints," DICE Discussion Papers 257, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
    7. repec:eee:inecon:v:112:y:2018:i:c:p:70-87 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Colombo, Luca & Dawid, Herbert, 2014. "Strategic location choice under dynamic oligopolistic competition and spillovers," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 288-307.
    9. Stiebale, Joel, 2016. "Cross-border M&As and innovative activity of acquiring and target firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 1-15.
    10. Liu, Ju & Chaminade, Cristina, 2014. "Exploring the interplay, differences, and commonalities between global production networks and global innovation networks of two multinational companies," Papers in Innovation Studies 2014/7, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
    11. Colin Davis & Ken-ichi Hashimoto, 2016. "Innovation and Manufacturing Offshoring with Fully Endogenous Productivity Growth," Discussion Papers 1636, Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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