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Global Income Divergence, Trade and Industrialization: The Geography of Growth Take-Offs

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  • Baldwin, Richard
  • Martin, Philippe
  • Ottaviano, Gianmarco

Abstract

This paper takes a modest step towards formalizing the theoretical interconnections among four post-Industrial-Revolution phenomena – the industrialization and growth take-off of rich ‘northern’ nations, massive global income divergence, and rapid trade expansion. Specifically, we present a stages-of-growth model in which the four phenomena are jointly endogenous and are all triggered by a gradual fall in the cost of doing business internationally. Beyond providing a simple framework for exploring the logical connections among these phenomona, the model itself may be of some interest because it is, to our knowledge, the first endogenous growth model to display this Rostovian stages-of-growth feature.

Suggested Citation

  • Baldwin, Richard & Martin, Philippe & Ottaviano, Gianmarco, 1998. "Global Income Divergence, Trade and Industrialization: The Geography of Growth Take-Offs," CEPR Discussion Papers 1803, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:1803
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Economic Geography; Endogenous Growth; growth take-off; industrial revolution; trade and development;

    JEL classification:

    • F01 - International Economics - - General - - - Global Outlook
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • N13 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: Pre-1913
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations

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