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Cherries for Sale: Export Networks and the Incidence of Cross-Border M&A

Author

Listed:
  • Bruce A. Blonigen
  • Lionel Fontagné
  • Nicholas Sly
  • Farid Toubal

Abstract

This paper develops a dynamic model of cross-border M&A activity. We show that foreign firms will be relatively more attracted to targets in the domestic country that had high productivity levels several years prior to acquisition, but then suffered a negative productivity shock (i.e., cherries for sale). With high ex ante productivity levels, target firms are able to invest in large export networks that are valuable to foreign multinationals because of locational differences and trade costs. Subsequently, domestic firms that experience reductions in productivity no longer find their established network as valuable to serve independently, increasing the surplus generated by a foreign acquisition. From the theory we derive a dynamic panel binary choice empirical model that uses predetermined export activity and the evolution of target firm productivity over time to predict cross-border M&A activity. Administrative data from French firms across 1999-2006 provide strong evidence that both the established export networks and productivity losses among target firms promote takeover by foreign multinationals.

Suggested Citation

  • Bruce A. Blonigen & Lionel Fontagné & Nicholas Sly & Farid Toubal, 2012. "Cherries for Sale: Export Networks and the Incidence of Cross-Border M&A," NBER Working Papers 18414, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:18414
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    8. Heyman, Fredrik & Sjöholm, Fredrik & Gustavsson Tingvall, Patrik, 2006. "Acquisitions, Multinationals, and Wage Dispersion," EIJS Working Paper Series 222, Stockholm School of Economics, The European Institute of Japanese Studies.
    9. Kristiina Huttunen, 2007. "The Effect of Foreign Acquisition on Employment and Wages: Evidence from Finnish Establishments," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 89(3), pages 497-509, August.
    10. Andrew B. Bernard & Stephen J. Redding & Peter K. Schott, 2011. "Multiproduct Firms and Trade Liberalization," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 126(3), pages 1271-1318.
    11. Nocke, Volker & Yeaple, Stephen, 2007. "Cross-border mergers and acquisitions vs. greenfield foreign direct investment: The role of firm heterogeneity," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 336-365, July.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ronald B. Davies & Rodolphe Desbordes & Anna Ray, 2015. "Greenfield versus Merger \& Acquisition FDI: Same Wine, Different Bottles?," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp469, IIIS.
    2. repec:eee:respol:v:46:y:2017:i:10:p:1738-1754 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Stiebale, Joel, 2016. "Cross-border M&As and innovative activity of acquiring and target firms," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(C), pages 1-15.
    4. Veronica Rappoport & Catherine Thomas & Bernard Salanie & Maria Guadalupe, 2013. "The Perfect Match: Assortative Matching in International Acquisitions," 2013 Meeting Papers 1000, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    5. Stiebale, Joel, 2013. "The impact of cross-border mergers and acquisitions on the acquirers' R & D Firm-level evidence," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 307-321.
    6. Gianluca Orefice & Nicholas Sly & Farid Toubal, 2015. "The Multinational Wage Premium and Wage Dynamics," CESifo Working Paper Series 5263, CESifo Group Munich.
    7. Zadia M Feliciano & Robert E Lipsey, 2017. "Foreign Entry into US Manufacturing by Takeovers and the Creation of New Firms," Eastern Economic Journal, Palgrave Macmillan;Eastern Economic Association, vol. 43(1), pages 1-16, January.
    8. repec:bis:bisifc:45-16 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Catherine Laffineur & El Mouhoud, 2015. "The jobs at risk from globalization: the French case," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 151(3), pages 477-531, August.
    10. Berthou, A. & Bourgeon, P. & Vicard, V., 2013. "La compétitivité des entreprises : synthèse de la conférence du réseau CompNet - Banque de France – 20 et 21 septembre 2012," Bulletin de la Banque de France, Banque de France, issue 192, pages 45-51.
    11. Kul B. Luintel & Mosahid Khan, 2017. "Ideas production and international knowledge spillovers: digging deeper into emerging countries," WIPO Economic Research Working Papers 35, World Intellectual Property Organization - Economics and Statistics Division.
    12. Luintel, Kul B. & Khan, Mosahid, 2017. "Ideas production and international knowledge spillovers: Digging deeper into emerging countries," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 46(10), pages 1738-1754.
    13. Antrà s, Pol & Yeaple, Stephen R., 2014. "Multinational Firms and the Structure of International Trade," Handbook of International Economics, Elsevier.
    14. Kul B Luintel & Mosahid Khan, 2017. "Ideas Production and International Knowledge Spillovers: Digging Deeper into Emerging Countries," CESifo Working Paper Series 6737, CESifo Group Munich.
    15. Chiara Bentivogli & Litterio Mirenda, 2016. "Foreign ownership and performance: evidence from a panel of Italian firms," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1085, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • G34 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Mergers; Acquisitions; Restructuring; Corporate Governance

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