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Foreign Entry into U.S. Manufacturing by Takeovers and the Creation of New Firms

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  • Robert E. Lipsey
  • Zadia Feliciano

Abstract

Using U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis data for individual foreign acquisitions and new establishments in the U.S from 1988 to 1998, and aggregate data for 1980 to 1998, we find that acquisitions and establishments of new firms tend to occur in periods of high U.S. growth and take place mainly in industries in which the investing country has some comparative advantage in exporting. New establishments are largely in industries of U.S. comparative disadvantage, and the relation of U.S. comparative advantage to takeovers is also negative, but never significant. High U.S. stock prices, industry profitability, and industry growth discourage takeovers. High U.S interest rates and high investing country growth and currency values encourage takeovers. Direct investments in acquisitions and new establishments thus tend to flow in the same direction as trade. They originate in countries with comparative advantages in particular industries and flow to industries of U.S. comparative disadvantage.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert E. Lipsey & Zadia Feliciano, 2002. "Foreign Entry into U.S. Manufacturing by Takeovers and the Creation of New Firms," NBER Working Papers 9122, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:9122
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Steven Globerman & Daniel Shapiro, 2005. "Assessing International Mergers and Acquisitions as a Mode of Foreign Direct Investment," Chapters,in: Governance, Multinationals and Growth, chapter 5 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    2. Neary, J. Peter, 2009. "Trade costs and foreign direct investment," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 207-218, March.
    3. Börje Johansson & Hans Lööf & Bernd Ebersberger, 2010. "The Innovation and Productivity Effect of Foreign Takeover of National Assets," Chapters,in: Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, chapter 12 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    4. Shandre M Thangavelu & Aekapol Chongvilaivan, 2007. "Post-Crisis Investment Performance of ASEAN Countries : Impact of FDI," EABER Working Papers 21857, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    5. Alfons Palangkaraya & Andreas Waldkirch, 2008. "Relative factor abundance and FDI factor intensity in developed countries," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 22(4), pages 489-508.
    6. Bruce T. Grimm & Brent R. Moulton & David B. Wasshausen, 2005. "Information-Processing Equipment and Software in the National Accounts," NBER Chapters,in: Measuring Capital in the New Economy, pages 363-402 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. Barbara M. Roberts & Steve Thompson & Katarzyna Mikolajczyk, 2008. "Privatization, Foreign Acquisition and the Motives for FDI in Eastern Europe," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 144(3), pages 408-427, October.
    8. repec:spr:jqecon:v:15:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s40953-016-0063-2 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Ebersberger, Bernd & Lööf, Hans, 2004. "Multinational Enterprises, Spillovers, Innovation and Productivity," Working Paper Series in Economics and Institutions of Innovation 22, Royal Institute of Technology, CESIS - Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies.
    10. Bae, Sung C. & Chang, Kiyoung & Kim, Doseong, 2013. "Determinants of target selection and acquirer returns: Evidence from cross-border acquisitions," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 552-565.
    11. Simon Evenett, 2004. "The Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions Wave of the Late 1990s," NBER Chapters,in: Challenges to Globalization: Analyzing the Economics, pages 411-470 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    12. Charles van Marrewijk & Gus Garita, 2008. "Countries of a Feather flock together," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 08-067/2, Tinbergen Institute, revised 19 Sep 2008.
    13. Phillips, Shauna & Ahmadi-Esfahani, Fredoun Z., . "Exchange Rates and Foreign Direct Investment: Theoretical Models and Empirical Evidence," Australian Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Australian Agricultural and Resource Economics Society.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business

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