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Financial constraints, institutions, and foreign ownership

Author

Listed:
  • Ron Alquist

    (AQR Capital Management)

  • Nicolas Berman

    (AMSE - Aix-Marseille Sciences Economiques - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales - AMU - Aix Marseille Université - ECM - École Centrale de Marseille - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CEPR - Center for Economic Policy Research - CEPR)

  • Rahul Mukherjee

    (Department of Economics, Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies)

  • Linda Tesar

    (NBER - National Bureau of Economic Research - National Bureau of Economic Research)

Abstract

We develop a model of cross-border acquisitions in which the foreign acquirer's ownership choice reflects a trade-off between easing the target's credit constraints and the costs of operating in an environment with weak institutions. Data on domestic and foreign acquisitions in emerging markets over the period 1990–2007 support the model predictions. The share of full foreign acquisitions is higher in sectors more reliant on external finance, in countries with lower financial development, and in countries with higher institutional quality. Sectoral external finance dependence accentuates the effect of country-level financial development and institutional quality. By contrast, the level of foreign ownership in partial acquisitions is insensitive to institutional factors and depends weakly on financial factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Ron Alquist & Nicolas Berman & Rahul Mukherjee & Linda Tesar, 2019. "Financial constraints, institutions, and foreign ownership," Post-Print hal-02111499, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-02111499
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jinteco.2019.01.008
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal-amu.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02111499
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    Cited by:

    1. Ye Bai & Sourafel Girma & Alejandro Riaño, 2020. "Corporate Acquisitions and Firm-Level Uncertainty: Domestic Versus Cross-Border Deals," CESifo Working Paper Series 8079, CESifo.
    2. Tamara Teplova & Tatiana Sokolova & Mariya Gubareva & Kristina Galenskaya & Andrey Teplov, 2020. "Perception and Drivers of Financial Constraints for the Sustainable Development," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(17), pages 1-29, September.
    3. Lorenzo Bencivelli & Beniamino Pisicoli, 2021. "Foreign investors and target firms’ financial structure: cavalry or locusts?," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1327, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    4. Alok Johri & Johnny Cotoc, 2021. "The Bribe Rate and Long Run Differences in Sovereign Borrowing Costs," Department of Economics Working Papers 2021-02, McMaster University.
    5. Ding, Yibing & Zhang, Xiaojing & Liu, Ziwei, 2021. "Differences in returns to cross-border M&A in the short and long run: Evidence from Chinese listed firms," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 74(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Institutional quality; Mergers and acquisitions; Financial development; Foreign direct investment; Foreign ownership;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration

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