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Expanding export variety: The role of institutional reforms in developing countries

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  • Sheng, Liugang
  • Yang, Dennis Tao

Abstract

This paper presents theory and evidence that institutional reforms in developing countries can help expand their product varieties in exports. Our model suggests that relaxing ownership restrictions on foreign direct investment, improving contract enforcement, and reducing offshoring cost can induce multinational companies to produce new products in host developing countries. Consistent with these theoretical predictions, we find empirical evidence that ownership liberalization, judicial quality and decline in offshoring costs played an important role in increasing the extensive margin of processing exports in China for the period of 1997–2007.

Suggested Citation

  • Sheng, Liugang & Yang, Dennis Tao, 2016. "Expanding export variety: The role of institutional reforms in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 45-58.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:118:y:2016:i:c:p:45-58
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2015.08.009
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    Cited by:

    1. Clement Anne, 2016. "Are Commodity Price Booms an Opportunity to Diversify? Evidence from Resource-dependent Countries," Working Papers halshs-01381143, HAL.
    2. Bastos, Paulo & Silva, Joana, 2010. "The quality of a firm's exports: Where you export to matters," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(2), pages 99-111, November.
    3. Clement ANNE, 2016. "Are Commodity Price Booms an Opportunity to Diversify? Evidence from Resource-dependent Countries," Working Papers 201615, CERDI.
    4. Alquist, Ron & Berman, Nicolas & Mukherjee, Rahul & Tesar, Linda L., 2019. "Financial constraints, institutions, and foreign ownership," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 63-83.
    5. Wei Tian & Liugang Sheng & Hongyan Zhao, 2016. "Special Section: China's Growing Trade and its Role to the World Economy," Pacific Economic Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(1), pages 84-101, February.
    6. Pritish K. Sahu, 2016. "Malaysia’s Domestic Value Added Export: The Role of Governance and Strategic Policy Reforms," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 6(4), pages 1578-1584.
    7. Sheng, Liugang & Yang, Dennis T., 2017. "Offshoring and Wage Inequality: Theory and Evidence from China," IZA Discussion Papers 10924, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Export variety; Foreign direct investment; Ownership structure; Contract environment; Processing trade; Policy reform; China;

    JEL classification:

    • D23 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Organizational Behavior; Transaction Costs; Property Rights
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure

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