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The economic impact of Special Economic Zones: Evidence from Chinese municipalities

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  • Wang, Jin

Abstract

The paper exploits a unique Chinese municipal dataset to assess the impact of Special Economic Zones on the local economy. Comparing the changes between the municipalities that created a SEZ in earlier rounds and those in later waves, I find that the SEZ program increases foreign direct investment not merely through firm relocation, and does not crowd out domestic investment. With dense investment in the targeted municipality the SEZ achieves agglomeration economies and generates wage increases for workers more than the increase in the local cost of living. The effects are heterogeneous: for zones created later the benefits are smaller while the distortions in firm location behavior are larger than those for the early zones. Municipalities with multiple SEZs experience larger effects than those with only one SEZ.

Suggested Citation

  • Wang, Jin, 2013. "The economic impact of Special Economic Zones: Evidence from Chinese municipalities," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 101(C), pages 133-147.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:deveco:v:101:y:2013:i:c:p:133-147
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jdeveco.2012.10.009
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Special Economic Zone; Foreign direct investment; TFP growth; Factor price;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General

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