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Contractual Versus Non-Contractual Trade: The Role of Institutions in China

Author

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  • Robert C. Feenstra
  • Chang Hong
  • Hong Ma
  • Barbara J. Spencer

Abstract

Recent research has demonstrated the importance of institutional quality at the country level for both the volume of trade and the ability to trade in differentiated goods that rely on contract enforcement. This paper takes advantage of cross-provincial variation in institutional quality in China, and export data that distinguishes between foreign and domestic exporters and processing versus ordinary trade, to show that institutional quality is a significant factor in determining Chinese provincial export patterns. Institutions matter more for processing trade, and more for foreign firms, just as we would expect from a greater reliance on contracts in these cases.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert C. Feenstra & Chang Hong & Hong Ma & Barbara J. Spencer, 2012. "Contractual Versus Non-Contractual Trade: The Role of Institutions in China," NBER Working Papers 17728, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:17728
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Chakraborty, Pavel, 2016. "Judicial quality and regional firm performance: The case of Indian states," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(4), pages 902-918.
    3. Wang, Yongjin & Wang, Yanling & Li, Kunwang, 2014. "Judicial quality, contract intensity and exports: Firm-level evidence," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 32-42.
    4. repec:bla:ecinqu:v:57:y:2019:i:1:p:372-390 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Sandrine NOBLET & Antoine BELGODERE, 2016. "Complexity Of Production Processes And The Need For Proximity," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 43, pages 5-19.
    6. repec:eee:jcecon:v:45:y:2017:i:4:p:809-826 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Ng, Travis & Yu, Linhui, 2014. "Which types of institutions hinder productivity among private manufacturing firms in China?," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 17-31.
    8. Ge, Ying & Lai, Huiwen & Zhu, Susan Chun, 2015. "Multinational price premium," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 115(C), pages 181-199.
    9. repec:eee:chieco:v:54:y:2019:i:c:p:191-203 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Chen, Zhao & Poncet, Sandra & Xiong, Ruixiang, 2017. "Inter-industry relatedness and industrial-policy efficiency: Evidence from China’s export processing zones," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(4), pages 809-826.
    11. Nunn, Nathan & Trefler, Daniel, 2014. "Domestic Institutions as a Source of Comparative Advantage," Handbook of International Economics, Elsevier.
    12. Antonio Ciccone & Elias Papaioannou, 2016. "Estimating Cross-Industry Cross-Country Interaction Models Using Benchmark Industry Characteristics," NBER Working Papers 22368, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Li, Xibao, 2015. "Specialization, institutions and innovation within China's regional innovation systems," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 100(C), pages 130-139.
    14. repec:eee:inecon:v:110:y:2018:i:c:p:50-62 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Huiwen Lai & Keith E. Maskus & Lei Yang, 2018. "Intellectual Property Enforcement, Exports and Productivity: Evidence from China," RSCAS Working Papers 2018/39, European University Institute.
    16. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:11:p:4173-:d:182419 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Stephan Haggard & Marcus Noland, 2018. "Networks, Trust and Trade: The Microeconomics of China–North Korea Integration," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 32(3), pages 277-299, September.
    18. Antonio Accetturo & Andrea Linarello & Andrea Petrella, 2017. "Legal enforcement and Global Value Chains: micro-evidence from Italian manufacturing firms," Questioni di Economia e Finanza (Occasional Papers) 397, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    19. Sheng, Liugang & Yang, Dennis T., 2011. "Speeding Up the Product Cycle: The Role of Host Country Reforms," IZA Discussion Papers 6054, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    20. Sheng, Liugang & Yang, Dennis Tao, 2016. "Expanding export variety: The role of institutional reforms in developing countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 45-58.
    21. Dimitra Petropoulou & Xavier Cirera & Dirk Willenbockel, 2013. "The Determinants of Outward Processing: Evidence from Offshoring Intermediates by the European Union," Working Paper Series 5413, Department of Economics, University of Sussex Business School.
    22. Kamal, Fariha & Sundaram, Asha, 2019. "Do institutions determine economic Geography? Evidence from the concentration of foreign suppliers," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 89-101.
    23. repec:eee:jjieco:v:49:y:2018:i:c:p:54-68 is not listed on IDEAS

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    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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