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Cross‐Border Merger & Acquisition Activity and Revealed Comparative Advantage in Manufacturing Industries

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  • Steven Brakman
  • Harry Garretsen
  • Charles Van Marrewijk
  • Arjen Van Witteloostuijn

Abstract

We estimate an important implication of oligopolistic international trade modeling for the predicted pattern of cross‐border mergers and acquisitions (M&As). Our core argument is that cross‐border M&As are, among other factors, driven by cross‐country differences in comparative advantage. We find strong evidence that acquiring firms operate in industries with a comparative advantage. We also report (less pronounced) evidence that this holds for target firms as well. We therefore add another explanation, rooted in international economics, to the industrial organization literature on M&As that emphasizes efficiency and strategic motives.

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  • Steven Brakman & Harry Garretsen & Charles Van Marrewijk & Arjen Van Witteloostuijn, 2013. "Cross‐Border Merger & Acquisition Activity and Revealed Comparative Advantage in Manufacturing Industries," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(1), pages 28-57, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:jemstr:v:22:y:2013:i:1:p:28-57
    DOI: jems.12007
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/jems.12007
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    Cited by:

    1. Ray Chaudhuri, A., 2014. "Acquisitions by Multinationals and Trade Liberalization," Discussion Paper 2014-006, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    2. Alviarez, Vanessa, 2019. "Multinational production and comparative advantage," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 119(C), pages 1-54.
    3. Hornstein, Abigail S. & Nguyen, Zachary, 2014. "Is more less? Propensity to diversify via M&A and market reactions," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 76-88.
    4. M. Del Gatto & C.S. Mastinu, 2016. "Sequentiality and Distance(s) in Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions: Evidence from Micro Data," Working Paper CRENoS 201616, Centre for North South Economic Research, University of Cagliari and Sassari, Sardinia.
    5. Rudy Colacicco, 2015. "Ten Years Of General Oligopolistic Equilibrium: A Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 29(5), pages 965-992, December.
    6. Zadia M Feliciano & Robert E Lipsey, 2017. "Foreign Entry into US Manufacturing by Takeovers and the Creation of New Firms," Eastern Economic Journal, Palgrave Macmillan;Eastern Economic Association, vol. 43(1), pages 1-16, January.
    7. Poonam Mehra Singh, 2017. "Competition or Comparative Advantage: What Drives Cross Border Mergers and Acquisitions?," Journal of Quantitative Economics, Springer;The Indian Econometric Society (TIES), vol. 15(3), pages 461-488, September.
    8. Bae, Sung C. & Chang, Kiyoung & Kim, Doseong, 2013. "Determinants of target selection and acquirer returns: Evidence from cross-border acquisitions," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 552-565.

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