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Horizontal Mergers in the Paper Industry

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  • Pesendorfer, Martin

Abstract

I examine mergers and acquisitions in the U.S. paper and paperboard industry, which experienced a wave of horizontal mergers during the mid-1980s. I describe how the mergers affected investment decisions, costs, and consumers, finding that merged firms lose market share and are more likely to scrap capacity subsequent to an acquisition. I estimate a cost function for individual firms based on an investment model, finding that the efficiency of the majority of acquiring firms increases following an acquisition. Using the estimated cost function, I quantify welfare effects and find evidence of total welfare increases in some paper product categories as a result of the mergers. Copyright 2003 by the RAND Corporation.

Suggested Citation

  • Pesendorfer, Martin, 2003. " Horizontal Mergers in the Paper Industry," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 34(3), pages 495-515, Autumn.
  • Handle: RePEc:rje:randje:v:34:y:2003:i:3:p:495-515
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    1. Paarsch, Harry J., 1992. "Deciding between the common and private value paradigms in empirical models of auctions," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 51(1-2), pages 191-215.
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    7. Perry, Martin K & Porter, Robert H, 1985. "Oligopoly and the Incentive for Horizontal Merger," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(1), pages 219-227, March.
    8. Christensen, Laurits Rolf & Caves, Richard E, 1997. "Cheap Talk and Investment Rivalry in the Pulp and Paper Industry," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(1), pages 47-73, March.
    9. Bresnahan, Timothy F., 1989. "Empirical studies of industries with market power," Handbook of Industrial Organization,in: R. Schmalensee & R. Willig (ed.), Handbook of Industrial Organization, edition 1, volume 2, chapter 17, pages 1011-1057 Elsevier.
    10. Jensen, Michael C, 1988. "Takeovers: Their Causes and Consequences," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 2(1), pages 21-48, Winter.
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