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The Propagation of Monetary Policy Shocks in a Heterogeneous Production Economy

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  • Ernesto Pastén
  • Raphael Schoenle
  • Michael Weber

Abstract

We study the transmission of monetary policy shocks in a model in which realistic heterogeneity in price rigidity interacts with heterogeneity in sectoral size and input-output linkages, and derive conditions under which these heterogeneities generate large real effects. Empirically, heterogeneity in the frequency of price adjustment is the most important driver behind large real effects, whereas heterogeneity in input-output linkages contributes only marginally, with differences in consumption shares in between. Heterogeneity in price rigidity further is key in determining which sectors are the most important contributors to the transmission of monetary shocks, and is necessary but not sufficient to generate realistic output correlations. In the model and data, reducing the number of sectors decreases monetary non-neutrality with a similar impact response of inflation. Hence, the initial response of inflation to monetary shocks is not sufficient to discriminate across models and for the real effects of nominal shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Ernesto Pastén & Raphael Schoenle & Michael Weber, 2018. "The Propagation of Monetary Policy Shocks in a Heterogeneous Production Economy," NBER Working Papers 25303, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:25303
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    Cited by:

    1. Matthias Meier & Timo Reinelt, 2020. "Monetary Policy,Markup Dispersion, and Aggregate TFP," CRC TR 224 Discussion Paper Series crctr224_2020_161, University of Bonn and University of Mannheim, Germany.
    2. Klaus Adam & Henning Weber, 2020. "Estimating the Optimal Inflation Target from Trends in Relative Prices," CRC TR 224 Discussion Paper Series crctr224_2020_144, University of Bonn and University of Mannheim, Germany.
    3. Christian Matthes & Felipe Schwartzman, 2019. "The Demand Origins of Business Cycles," 2019 Meeting Papers 1122, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    4. Carvalho, Carlos & Nechio, Fernanda, 2018. "Approximating multisector New Keynesian models," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 163(C), pages 193-196.
    5. Klaus Adam & Henning Weber, 2019. "Price Trends Over the Product Life Cycle and the Optimal Inflation Target," CESifo Working Paper Series 7889, CESifo.
    6. David Rezza Baqaee & Emmanuel Farhi, 2020. "Productivity and Misallocation in General Equilibrium," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 135(1), pages 105-163.
    7. Alessandro Cantelmo & Giovanni Melina, 2020. "Sectoral Labor Mobility and Optimal Monetary Policy," Papers 2010.14668, arXiv.org, revised Nov 2020.
    8. Caraiani, Petre & Dutescu, Adriana & Hoinaru, Răzvan & Stănilă, Georgiana Oana, 2020. "Production network structure and the impact of the monetary policy shocks: Evidence from the OECD," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 193(C).
    9. D’Acunto, Francesco & Liu, Ryan & Pflueger, Carolin & Weber, Michael, 2018. "Flexible prices and leverage," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 129(1), pages 46-68.
    10. Michael Weber & Ali Ozdagli, 2016. "Monetary Policy Through Production Networks: Evidence from the Stock Market," 2016 Meeting Papers 148, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    11. Carvalho, Vasco M & Tahbaz-Salehi, Alireza, 2018. "Production Networks: A Primer," CEPR Discussion Papers 13421, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    12. Joris Tielens, 2019. "Pipeline Pressures and Sectoral Inflation Dynamics," 2019 Meeting Papers 856, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    13. Feng Dong & Yi Wen, 2019. "Time-Varying Networks and the Efficacy of Money Without Sticky Prices," 2019 Meeting Papers 1464, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    14. Christian Matthes & Felipe Schwartzman, 2019. "What Do Sectoral Dynamics Tell Us About the Origins of Business Cycles?," Working Paper 19-9, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond, revised 29 Mar 2019.
    15. Omar Rachedi, 2020. "Structural transformation in the Spanish economy," Occasional Papers 2003, Banco de España;Occasional Papers Homepage.
    16. Frank Smets & Joris Tielens & Jan Van Hove, 2018. "Pipeline Pressures and Sectoral Inflation Dynamics," Working Paper Research 351, National Bank of Belgium.
    17. Brancaccio, Emiliano & Giammetti, Raffaele & Lopreite, Milena & Puliga, Michelangelo, 2019. "Monetary policy, crisis and capital centralization in corporate ownership and control networks: A B-Var analysis," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 55-66.
    18. Christopher Clayton & Andreas Schaab & Xavier Jaravel, 2019. "Heterogeneous Price Rigidities and Monetary Policy," 2019 Meeting Papers 1480, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    19. Antoine Mandel & Vipin Veetil, 2019. "Monetary Dynamics in a Network Economy," Post-Print halshs-02354576, HAL.
    20. Dong, Feng & Wen, Yi, 2019. "Long and Plosser meet Bewley and Lucas," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 70-92.
    21. Kim, Seongeun, 2019. "Quality, price stickiness, and monetary policy," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 1-1.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E20 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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