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Inflation Dynamics in a Dutch Disease Economy

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  • Somayeh Mardaneh

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Abstract

In this paper the effect of foregin sector macro-variable on inflation dynamics and firms' pricing behaviour has been investigated in the context of a small open economy New Keynesian Phillips Curve. This curve is derived and estimated for a developing oil-exporting economy sick with Dutch Disease. This version of NKPC is an extention of Leith and Malley’s (2007) small open economy NKPC incorporating oil as a factor of production which is produced in the home country but its price is determined by the world market. Using GMM technique, this curve has been estimated for standard closed and open economy specifications of the Iranian economy, that according to the emiprical evidence suffers from Dutch Disease. Introducing open economy elements produces three differences in the estimation compared to closed version. First, the degree of price stickiness and the fraction of backward-looking firms decrease. Second, the degree of substitutability is close to unity. Third, the forward-looking behaviour gains ground while the backward-looking behaviour becomes less important. Moreover, the significant estimates of the marginal cost coefficient confirm the importance of the real marginal cost in explaining inflation dynamics in the Iranian economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Somayeh Mardaneh, 2012. "Inflation Dynamics in a Dutch Disease Economy," Discussion Papers in Economics 12/25, Department of Economics, University of Leicester.
  • Handle: RePEc:lec:leecon:12/25
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