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An Empirical Test of the Dutch Disease Hypothesis using a Gravity Model of Trade

Author

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  • Jean-Philippe Stijns

    (the University of California at Berkeley)

Abstract

Although the core model of the Dutch Disease makes unambiguous predictions regarding the negative effect of a resource boom on a country’s manufacturing exports, the empirical literature that has followed has not clearly identified this effect. I attribute this to the failure of the existing literature to combine enough data to produce a sufficiently powerful and exogenous test. I will use the World Trade Database to systematically test this hypothesis in a gravity model of trade. World energy prices are used to bypass issues of endogeneity regarding primary exports. A one percent increase in world energy price is estimated to decrease a net energy exporter’s real manufacturing exports by almost half a percent. Similarly, after instrumentation, a one percent increase in an energy exporting country’s net energy exports is estimated decrease the country’s real manufacturing exports by 8 percent. The corresponding confidence intervals are tight and these results are shown to be quite robust.

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Philippe Stijns, 2003. "An Empirical Test of the Dutch Disease Hypothesis using a Gravity Model of Trade," International Trade 0305001, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpit:0305001
    Note: Type of Document - MS Word 2002; prepared on Dell Inspiron 3800; to print on any; pages: 61; figures: included. Accepted for presentation at the 2003 Congress of the EEA, Stockholm, August 20 to August 24. Comments highly appreciated.
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Dutch disease; resource booms; gravity model; manufacturing exports; energy; trade; industry.;

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • Q33 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Resource Booms (Dutch Disease)

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