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Household Entrepreneurship and Social Networks: Panel Data Evidence from Vietnam

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  • Huu Chi Nguyen

    (Développement, Institutions & Mondialisation - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres, LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres)

  • Christophe Jalil Nordman

    (Développement, Institutions & Mondialisation - IRD - Institut de Recherche pour le Développement - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres, LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres)

Abstract

Using a unique panel of household businesses for Vietnam, this paper sheds light on the links between households' and entrepreneurs' social networks and business performance. We address two related questions. One first question asks if we can find evidence of a differentiated effect of employment of members of the family versus hired workers on the business performance. A second question tackles the respective effects of various dimensions of social networks on the business technical efficiency. The assumption is that, beyond the channel of labour productivity, entrepreneurs that are confronted with an unfavourable social environment may produce less efficiently and realize a lower output than what could be possible with the same amount of resources. We find evidence of a productivity differential between family and hired labour and highlight results consistent with the presence of adverse social network effects faced by households running a business, in particular ethnic minorities. We stress the importance of professional networks for successful entrepreneurship.

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  • Huu Chi Nguyen & Christophe Jalil Nordman, 2017. "Household Entrepreneurship and Social Networks: Panel Data Evidence from Vietnam," Working Papers hal-01619799, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-01619799
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    7. , Aisdl, 2020. "The rise of research on development economics in Vietnam: Analyses and implications for the public and policymakers from SSHPA 2008-2020 dataset," OSF Preprints 9nbyr, Center for Open Science.
    8. Rachmat Mulia & Elisabeth Simelton & Tan Quang Nguyen & Magnus Jirström, 2021. "Non-Farm Activities and Impacts beyond the Economy of Rural Households in Vietnam: A Review and Link to Policies," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 13(18), pages 1-23, September.
    9. Christophe J. Nordman & Smriti Sharma & Naveen Sunder, 2022. "Here Comes the Rain Again: Productivity Shocks, Educational Investments, and Child Work," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70(3), pages 1041-1063.
    10. Li, Rui & Wang, Tianyu & Zhou, Mingshan, 2021. "Entrepreneurship and household portfolio choice: Evidence from the China Household Finance Survey," Journal of Empirical Finance, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 1-15.
    11. Bach Nguyen, 2022. "Small business investment: The importance of financing strategies and social networks," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(3), pages 2849-2872, July.
    12. Nguyen Thi Thu Phuong & Laure Pasquier-Doumer, 2018. "The role of Social Networks on Household Business Performance in Vietnam: A qualitative assessment," Working Papers DT/2018/13, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    13. Ho, Manh-Toan, 2021. "Exploring the most influential papers in Vietnam's entrepreneurship in the past ten years," OSF Preprints 2qnp9, Center for Open Science.
    14. Manh-Toan Ho & Ngoc-Thang B. Le & Manh-Tung Ho & Quan-Hoang Vuong, 2022. "A bibliometric review on development economics research in Vietnam from 2008 to 2020," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 56(5), pages 2939-2969, October.
    15. Margaryta Klymak, 2019. "The effect of foreign competition on family and network labour allocation," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2019-39, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    16. Vuong Quan Hoang & La Viet Phuong & Vuong Thu Trang & Hoang Phuong Hanh & Ho Manh Toan & Ho Manh Tung & Nguyen Hong Kong To, 2020. "Multi-faceted insights of entrepreneurship facing a fast-growing economy: A literature review," Open Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 3(1), pages 25-41, January.
    17. Klingler-Vidra, Robyn & Tran, Ba Linh & Chalmers, Adam William, 2021. "Transnational experience and high-performing entrepreneurs in emerging economies: evidence from Vietnam," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 110756, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    18. Deguilhem, Thibaud & Berrou, Jean-Philippe & Combarnous, François, 2017. "Using your ties to get a worse job? The differential effects of social networks on quality of employment: Evidence from Colombia," MPRA Paper 78628, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Wang, Wenlue & Ren, Qian & Yu, Jin, 2018. "Impact of the ecological resettlement program on participating decision and poverty reduction in southern Shaanxi, China," Forest Policy and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 1-9.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Informality; Kinship and ethnic ties; Sharing norms; Social network capital; Household business; Vietnam; Family labour; Travail familial; Capital du réseau social; Informalité; Microentreprises familiales; Panel; Normes de partage; Liens ethniques et de parenté;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • D61 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Allocative Efficiency; Cost-Benefit Analysis
    • O12 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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