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The cultural diffusion of the fertility transition: evidence from internal migration in 19 th century France

Listed author(s):
  • Guillaume Daudin

    (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris-Dauphine)

  • Raphaël Franck

    (Bar-Ilan University - Bar-Ilan University [Israël])

  • Hillel Rapoport

    (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, PSE - Paris School of Economics)

France experienced the demographic transition before richer and more educated countries. This paper offers a novel explanation for this puzzle that emphasizes the diffusion of culture and information through internal migration. It tests how migration affected fertility by building a decennial bilateral migration matrix between French regions for 1861-1911. The identification strategy uses exogenous variation in transportation costs resulting from the construction of railways. The results suggest the convergence towards low birth rates can be explained by the diffusion of low-fertility norms by migrants, especially by migrants to and from Paris.

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File URL: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01321952/document
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Paper provided by HAL in its series PSE - G-MOND WORKING PAPERS with number halshs-01321952.

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Date of creation: May 2016
Handle: RePEc:hal:gmonwp:halshs-01321952
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01321952
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