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Trade and Environment: Further Empirical Evidence from Heterogeneous Panels Using Aggregate Data

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  • Thomas Jobert

    (University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, France
    GREDEG CNRS)

  • Fatih Karanfil

    (University of Paris Ouest, France
    EconomiX - CNRS)

  • Anna Tykhonenko

    (University of Nice Sophia Antipolis, France
    GREDEG CNRS)

Abstract

Despite the growing body of work devoted to the impacts of development and international trade flows on the environment, the current state of empirical research is still controversial. In this line of analysis, the empirical studies using panel data face two simultaneous challenges. One is associated with the potential presence of unobserved cross-country heterogeneity in the panel, and the other with the use of aggregate data on international trade. In this paper, we apply both the dynamic fixed effects and empirical iterative Bayes estimators to a global panel of annual data on 55 countries spanning the period 1970-2013, to show that when country heterogeneity is accurately accounted for in the estimation, it is possible to obtain significant impacts of trade variables on the environment, even with aggregate data. Based on the estimation results and further information on the stringency of environmental regulations in both developed and developing countries involved in the analysis, we identify different country groups having similar features with respect to the trade-environment relationship. Future multilateral actions and agreements on climate change should account for differences in countries' trade structures and development levels that determine their capabilities to mitigate and adapt to climate change.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Jobert & Fatih Karanfil & Anna Tykhonenko, 2015. "Trade and Environment: Further Empirical Evidence from Heterogeneous Panels Using Aggregate Data," GREDEG Working Papers 2015-31, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), Université Côte d'Azur, France.
  • Handle: RePEc:gre:wpaper:2015-31
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    Cited by:

    1. Azam, Muhammad & Khan, Abdul Qayyum, 2016. "Testing the Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis: A comparative empirical study for low, lower middle, upper middle and high income countries," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 556-567.
    2. Roula Inglesi-Lotz & Jessika Bohlmann, 2014. "Environmental Kuznets curve in South Africa: To confirm or not to confirm?," EcoMod2014 6378, EcoMod.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    FDI; trade openness; CO2 emissions; regulatory stringency; Bayesian shrinkage estimator;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • F18 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade and Environment
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth

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