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Investigating the energy-environmental Kuznets curve

  • Luzzati, T.
  • Orsini, M.

This paper investigates the relationship between absolute energy consumption and gross domestic product (GDP) per capita for 113 countries over the period 1971–2004. Energy has been scarcely explored in the Environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) debate and is taken as the indicator of overall environmental pressure. The following aspects of this work are rather innovative. Firstly, in order to closely adhere to the EKC narratives, the indicator of environmental pressure (energy) is taken in absolute terms rather than per capita. Secondly, we look for consistency both between different econometric techniques (parametric and semi-parametric) and across different analytical levels (world, time series/cross-countries, and single countries). Finally, the dataset is large and not limited to developed countries.

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Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Energy.

Volume (Year): 34 (2009)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
Pages: 291-300

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Handle: RePEc:eee:energy:v:34:y:2009:i:3:p:291-300
DOI: 10.1016/
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