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Formation and deformation of the environmental Kuznets curve for CO2 emissions

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  • Thomas Jobert

    () (GREDEG - Groupe de Recherche en Droit, Economie et Gestion - UNS - Université Nice Sophia Antipolis - UCA - Université Côte d'Azur - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Fatih Karanfil

    ()

Abstract

Following Roberts and Grimes (1997), we study the temporal instability of the environmental Kuznets curve for a panel of 51 countries over the period 1970-2008. Our results show that: (1) an inverted U-shape curve appears in the early 1980s; (2) the environmental efficiency increases over time as the coefficient of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions per unit of primary energy consumption decreases; (3) there is a rising trend of the turning point income that goes from 10,000 USD in the early 1980s to almost 20,000 USD in 2008.

Suggested Citation

  • Thomas Jobert & Fatih Karanfil, 2012. "Formation and deformation of the environmental Kuznets curve for CO2 emissions," Post-Print halshs-00721671, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00721671
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00721671
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Azomahou, Theophile & Laisney, Francois & Nguyen Van, Phu, 2006. "Economic development and CO2 emissions: A nonparametric panel approach," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 90(6-7), pages 1347-1363, August.
    2. Jobert, Thomas & Karanfil, Fatih & Tykhonenko, Anna, 2012. "Environmental Kuznets curve for carbon dioxide emissions: lack of robustness to heterogeneity?," GIAM Working Papers 12-7, Galatasaray University Economic Research Center.
    3. Gangadharan, Lata & Valenzuela, Ma. Rebecca, 2001. "Interrelationships between income, health and the environment: extending the Environmental Kuznets Curve hypothesis," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 513-531, March.
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    7. Kijima, Masaaki & Nishide, Katsumasa & Ohyama, Atsuyuki, 2010. "Economic models for the environmental Kuznets curve: A survey," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 34(7), pages 1187-1201, July.
    8. Phu Nguyen Van & Théophile T. Azomahou, 2003. "Déforestation, croissance économique et population. Une étude sur données de panel," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 54(4), pages 835-855.
    9. Bimonte, Salvatore, 2002. "Information access, income distribution, and the Environmental Kuznets Curve," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1), pages 145-156, April.
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    11. Auci, Sabrina & Becchetti, Leonardo, 2006. "The instability of the adjusted and unadjusted environmental Kuznets curves," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 60(1), pages 282-298, November.
    12. Muller-Furstenberger, Georg & Wagner, Martin, 2007. "Exploring the environmental Kuznets hypothesis: Theoretical and econometric problems," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(3-4), pages 648-660, May.
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    14. Cole, Matthew A., 2004. "Trade, the pollution haven hypothesis and the environmental Kuznets curve: examining the linkages," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(1), pages 71-81, January.
    15. Matthieu Clément & André Meunié, 2010. "Inégalités, développement et qualité de l'environnement : mécanismes et application empirique," Mondes en développement, De Boeck Université, vol. 0(3), pages 67-82.
    16. Kearsley, Aaron & Riddel, Mary, 2010. "A further inquiry into the Pollution Haven Hypothesis and the Environmental Kuznets Curve," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(4), pages 905-919, February.
    17. Begun, Jeffrey & Eicher, Theo S., 2008. "In search of an environmental Kuznets curve in sulphur dioxide concentrations: a Bayesian model averaging approach," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 13(6), pages 795-822, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Thomas Jobert & Fatih Karanfil & Anna Tykhonenko, 2014. "Estimating country-specific environmental Kuznets curves from panel data: a Bayesian shrinkage approach," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 46(13), pages 1449-1464, May.
    2. Shahbaz, Muhammad & Ozturk, Ilhan & Afza, Talat & Ali, Amjad, 2013. "Revisiting the environmental Kuznets curve in a global economy," Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Elsevier, vol. 25(C), pages 494-502.
    3. Ernesto Aguayo-Téllez & José Martínez-Navarro, 2013. "Internal and international migration in Mexico: 1995--2000," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(13), pages 1647-1661, May.
    4. repec:eee:enepol:v:106:y:2017:i:c:p:326-344 is not listed on IDEAS

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