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Food Security and the Poor: Regional Effects of Rice Export Policy on Households in Vietnam

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  • Tom Kompas
  • Pham Ha
  • Hoa Thi Minh Nguyen
  • Tuong Nhu Che
  • Bui Trinh

Abstract

Analysing Vietnam's rice export policy and recent export ban in the context of rising food prices, this study combines insights from a regionally-disaggregated or 'bottom-up' CGE model and a micro-simulation using household data. Three main conclusions are drawn. First, although there is little impact on GDP, there are substantial distributional impacts across regions and households from different export policies and market conditions. Second, both rural and urban households, including poor households, benefit from free trade, even though domestic rice prices are higher. Finally, under free trade, relatively large gains accrue to rural households, where poverty is most pervasive in Vietnam.

Suggested Citation

  • Tom Kompas & Pham Ha & Hoa Thi Minh Nguyen & Tuong Nhu Che & Bui Trinh, 2012. "Food Security and the Poor: Regional Effects of Rice Export Policy on Households in Vietnam," Crawford School Research Papers 1214, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
  • Handle: RePEc:een:crwfrp:1214
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    3. Trinh Nguyen Chau & Frank Scrimgeour, 2022. "Productivity impacts of hybrid rice seeds in Vietnam," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 73(2), pages 414-429, June.
    4. Nguyen, Hoa-Thi-Minh & Do, Huong & Kompas, Tom, 2021. "Economic efficiency versus social equity: The productivity challenge for rice production in a ‘greying’ rural Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 148(C).
    5. Hoang, Viet-Ngu & Vu, Duc-Cuong, 2021. "On the effects of trade on multidimensional deprivation: Evidence from Vietnam’s rice growing households," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 71(C), pages 476-485.
    6. Le, Kien, 2020. "Land use restrictions, misallocation in agriculture, and aggregate productivity in Vietnam," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 145(C).
    7. Balié, Jean & Minot, Nicholas & Valera, Harold Glenn A., 2021. "Distributional impacts of the rice tariffication policy in the Philippines," Economic Analysis and Policy, Elsevier, vol. 69(C), pages 289-306.
    8. Alyson S Barratt & Matthieu H Arnoult & Bouda Vosough Ahmadi & Karl M Rich & George J Gunn & Alistair W Stott, 2018. "A framework for estimating society's economic welfare following the introduction of an animal disease: The case of Johne's disease," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 13(6), pages 1-26, June.
    9. Vo Hong Tu & Nguyen Duy Can & Yoshifumi Takahashi & Steven W. Kopp & Mitsuyasu Yabe, 2019. "Technical and environmental efficiency of eco-friendly rice production in the upstream region of the Vietnamese Mekong delta," Environment, Development and Sustainability: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Theory and Practice of Sustainable Development, Springer, vol. 21(5), pages 2401-2424, October.
    10. Hoa-Thi-Minh Nguyen & Huong Do & Adrian Kay & Tom Kompas, 2020. "Rice policy in a transitional economy: balancing the social and political objectives," Food Security: The Science, Sociology and Economics of Food Production and Access to Food, Springer;The International Society for Plant Pathology, vol. 12(3), pages 549-566, June.
    11. Hoang, Hoa T.K. & Thompson, Wyatt & Kwon, Sanguk, 2021. "Low-Income Household Food Consumption Consequences of Rice Policy and Pandemic Impacts on Income and Price in Thailand," Journal of Food Distribution Research, Food Distribution Research Society, vol. 52(2), July.

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