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Long-run and Cyclical Dynamics in the US Stock Market

  • L.A. Gil-Alana
  • G.M. caporale

This paper examines the long-run dynamics and the cyclical structure of the US stock market using fractional integration techniques. We implement a version of the tests of Robinson (1994a), which enables one to consider unit (or fractional) roots both at the zero (long-run) and at the cyclical frequencies. We examine the following series: inflation, real risk-free rate, real stock returns, equity premium and price/dividend ratio, annually from 1871 to 1993. When focusing exclusively on the long-run or zero frequency, the estimated order of integration varies considerably, but nonstationarity is found only for the price/dividend ratio. When the cyclical component is also taken into account, the series appear to be stationary but to exhibit long memory with respect to both components in almost all cases. The exception is the price/dividend ratio, whose order of integration is higher than 0.5 but smaller than 1 for the long-run frequency, and is constrained between 0 and 0.5 for the cyclical component. Also, mean reversion occurs in all cases. Finally, we use six different criteria to compare the forecasting performance of the fractional (at zero and cyclical) models with other based on fractional and integer differentiation exclusively at the zero frequency. The results show that the fractional cyclical model outperforms the others in a number of cases

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Paper provided by Econometric Society in its series Econometric Society 2004 Latin American Meetings with number 344.

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Date of creation: 11 Aug 2004
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Handle: RePEc:ecm:latm04:344
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