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Business Dynamism, Sectoral Reallocation and Productivity in a Pandemic

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  • Guido Ascari
  • Andrea Colciago
  • Riccardo Silvestrini

Abstract

Asymmetric effects across sectors are the distinctive features of the Covid-19 shock. Business Formation Statistics in the United States show a reallocation of entry and exit opportunities across sectors in the initial phase of the pandemic. To explain these facts, we propose an Epidemiological-Industry Dynamic model with heterogeneous firms and endogenous firms dynamics. Our analysis suggests that the cleansing effect on business dynamism of the Covid-19 crisis, which typically characterizes recessions, is sector-specific. The framework can rationalize the dynamics of aggregate productivity during the crisis. Monetary policy and sticky wages are central ingredients to capture reallocation effects. Social distancing, by smoothing out cleansing in the social sector, slows down the reallocation process and prolongs the recession, but saves lives.

Suggested Citation

  • Guido Ascari & Andrea Colciago & Riccardo Silvestrini, 2021. "Business Dynamism, Sectoral Reallocation and Productivity in a Pandemic," Working Papers 725, DNB.
  • Handle: RePEc:dnb:dnbwpp:725
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    Cited by:

    1. Andrea Colciago & Vivien Lewis & Branka Matyska, 2023. "Corporate taxes, productivity, and business dynamism," Working Papers 512, University of Milano-Bicocca, Department of Economics, revised May 2023.
    2. Colciago, Andrea & Lewis, Vivien & Matyska, Branka, 2023. "Corporate taxes, productivity, and business dynamism," Discussion Papers 16/2023, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    3. repec:ptu:bdpart:r202402 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Lepetit, Antoine & Fuentes-Albero, Cristina, 2022. "The limited power of monetary policy in a pandemic," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 147(C).
    5. Andrea Colciago & Vivien Lewis & Branka Matyska, 2023. "Corporate taxes, productivity, and business dynamism," Working Papers 780, DNB.
    6. Kovalenko, Tim & Sauerbier, Timo & Schröpf, Benedikt, 2023. "The fall and rebound of average establishment size in West Germany," Discussion Papers 126, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
    7. Albert, Christoph & Caggese, Andrea & González, Beatriz & Martin-Sanchez, Victor, 2023. "Income inequality and entrepreneurship: Lessons from the 2020 COVID-19 recession," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 149(C).
    8. Colciago, Andrea & Silvestrini, Riccardo, 2022. "Monetary policy, productivity, and market concentration," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 142(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Covid-19; Productivity; Entry; Reallocation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty

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