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The domestic and international effects of euro area market reforms

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  • Cacciatore, Matteo
  • Fiori, Giuseppe
  • Ghironi, Fabio

Abstract

What will be the internal and external effects of euro area market reforms? Will increased market flexibility in Europe affect incentives for the conduct of macroeconomic policy by European policymakers and their partners? We address these questions in a two-country model with heterogeneous plants, endogenous producer entry, and labor market frictions. We interpret the two countries in our model as the euro area and the U.S. We find that market reforms in the euro area will result in increased producer entry and lower unemployment on both sides of the Atlantic, but a worse European external balance, at least for some time. With high market regulation in the euro area, optimal monetary policy requires significant departures from price stability both in the long run and over the business cycle, and a higher inflation target in the euro area than in the U.S. The adjustment to market reforms requires expansionary monetary policy, and more expansion in reforming Europe than in the already flexible U.S. However, deregulation reduces static and dynamic inefficiencies, making price stability more desirable everywhere once the transition is complete.

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  • Cacciatore, Matteo & Fiori, Giuseppe & Ghironi, Fabio, 2015. "The domestic and international effects of euro area market reforms," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(4), pages 555-581.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:reecon:v:69:y:2015:i:4:p:555-581
    DOI: 10.1016/j.rie.2015.09.002
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    Cited by:

    1. Fabio Ghironi & Sanjay K. Chugh, 2010. "Optimal Fiscal Policy with Endogenous Product Variety," 2010 Meeting Papers 812, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. Cacciatore, Matteo & Duval, Romain & Fiori, Giuseppe & Ghironi, Fabio, 2016. "Short-term pain for long-term gain: Market deregulation and monetary policy in small open economies," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 358-385.
    3. Cavallari, Lilia & D׳Addona, Stefano, 2015. "Exchange rates as shock absorbers: The role of export margins," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(4), pages 582-602.
    4. Masashige Hamano & Francesco Zanetti, 2017. "Endogenous Turnover and Macroeconomic Dynamics," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 26, pages 263-279, October.
    5. Lewis, Vivien & Winkler, Roland, 2015. "Fiscal policy and business formation in open economies," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 69(4), pages 603-620.
    6. Etro, Federico & Rossi, Lorenza, 2015. "Optimal monetary policy under Calvo pricing with Bertrand competition," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 423-440.
    7. Etro, Federico, 2016. "Research in economics and public finance," Research in Economics, Elsevier, vol. 70(1), pages 1-6.

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