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Female Labor Supply, Human Capital and Welfare Reform

Listed author(s):
  • Richard Blundell

    (University College London)

  • Monica Costa Dias

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies and CEF-UP at the University of Porto)

  • Costas Meghir

    ()

    (Cowles Foundation, Yale University)

  • Jonathan Shaw

    (Institute for Fiscal Studies and University College London)

We consider the impact of Tax credits and income support programs on female education choice, employment, hours and human capital accumulation over the life-cycle. We thus analyze both the short run incentive effects and the longer run implications of such programs. By allowing for risk aversion and savings we are also able to quantify the insurance value of alternative programs. We find important incentive effects on education choice, and labor supply, with single mothers having the most elastic labor supply. Returns to labour market experience are found to be substantial but only for full-time employment, and especially for women with more than basic formal education. For those with lower education the welfare programs are shown to have substantial insurance value. Based on the model marginal increases to tax credits are preferred to equally costly increases in income support and to tax cuts, except by those in the highest education group.

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File URL: http://cowles.yale.edu/sites/default/files/files/pub/d18/d1892.pdf
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Paper provided by Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University in its series Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers with number 1892.

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Length: 54 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2013
Handle: RePEc:cwl:cwldpp:1892
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Yale University, Box 208281, New Haven, CT 06520-8281 USA

Phone: (203) 432-3702
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Web page: http://cowles.yale.edu/

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Order Information: Postal: Cowles Foundation, Yale University, Box 208281, New Haven, CT 06520-8281 USA

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