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Exhange Rate Volatility and Productivity Growth : The Role of Liability Dollarization

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  • Kenza Benhima

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Abstract

The contribution of this study is to show how liability dollarization conditions the effectof exchange rate volatility on growth. To illustrate this point, the paper lays down a model in whichcredit constrained firms face liquidity shocks denominated in tradable goods while their revenues are bothin tradable and nontradable goods. Under the assumptions that the production of nontradable goodsis labor-intensive, that nominal wages are preset and that the elasticity of substitution between goodsis lower than one, a fixed exchange rate is growth enhancing in countries whose debt is denominated interms of foreign currency (complete dollarization) because it stabilizes firms’ cash flows. However, incountries where a fraction of the debt is denominated in domestic currency (partial dollarization), thedifference between the growth performance of fixed and flexible exchange rate regimes can disappearsince the debt structure can help firms hedge their cash-flow risk under floating regimes. The theoreticalresults are backed by an empirical analysis on a panel of 77 countries spanning the years 1995-2004. Itappears that the higher the degree of liability dollarization, the more negative the impact of exchangerate flexibility on growth.

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  • Kenza Benhima, 2008. "Exhange Rate Volatility and Productivity Growth : The Role of Liability Dollarization," Working Papers 2008-11, Center for Research in Economics and Statistics.
  • Handle: RePEc:crs:wpaper:2008-11
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    3. Jérôme Héricourt & Sandra Poncet, 2015. "Exchange Rate Volatility, Financial Constraints, and Trade: Empirical Evidence from Chinese Firms," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 29(3), pages 550-578.
    4. Ibrahima Amadou Diallo, 2015. "The Effects of Real Exchange Rate Volatility on Productivity Growth," Eastern European Business and Economics Journal, Eastern European Business and Economics Studies Centre, vol. 1(2), pages 66-84.
    5. Tang, Bo, 2015. "Real exchange rate and economic growth in China: A cointegrated VAR approach," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 293-310.
    6. Fatma Erdem & Erdal Özmen, 2015. "Exchange Rate Regimes and Business Cycles: An Empirical Investigation," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(5), pages 1041-1058, November.
    7. Jérôme Héricourt & Sandra Poncet, 2015. "Exchange Rate Volatility, Financial Constraints, and Trade: Empirical Evidence from Chinese Firms," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 29(3), pages 550-578.
    8. Alexey Ponomarenko & Alexandra Solovyeva & Elena Vasilieva, 2013. "Financial dollarization in Russia: causes and consequences," Macroeconomics and Finance in Emerging Market Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(2), pages 221-243, September.
    9. Cecilia Bermúdez & Carlos Dabús, 2018. "Going under to stay on top: How much real exchange rate undervaluation is needed to boost growth in developing countries," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 45(1 Year 20), pages 5-28, June.
    10. Capasso, Salvatore & Neanidis, Kyriakos C., 2019. "Domestic or foreign currency? Remittances and the composition of deposits and loans," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 160(C), pages 168-183.
    11. Jérôme Héricourt & Sandra Poncet, 2015. "Exchange Rate Volatility, Financial Constraints, and Trade: Empirical Evidence from Chinese Firms," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 29(3), pages 550-578.
    12. repec:eeb:15v1n2:v:1:y:2015:i:2:p:66-84 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Mehdi Seraj & Pejman Bahramian & Abdulkareem Alhassan & Rasool Dehghanzadeh Shahabad, 2020. "The validity of Rodrik’s conclusion on real exchange rate and economic growth: factor priority evidence from feature selection approach," Palgrave Communications, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 6(1), pages 1-6, December.

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    JEL classification:

    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • O42 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Monetary Growth Models

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