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Exchange Rate Volatility and Productivity Growth: the Role of Liability Dollarization

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  • Benhima Kenza

Abstract

This paper studies how liability dollarization conditions the effect of exchange rate flexibility on growth. It develops a model with credit-constrained firms facing liquidity shocks denominated in tradables while their revenues are both in tradable and nontradables. With frictions in the reallocation between tradables and nontradables, a peg is more growth-enhancing than a float in countries with dollarized debt because it stabilizes firms' cash flows. However, this relative advantage diminishes when dollarization decreases. These theoretical predictions are confirmed by an empirical analysis on a panel of 76 countries spanning 1995-2004: the higher the degree of dollarization, the more negative the impact of exchange rate flexibility on growth.

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  • Benhima Kenza, 2010. "Exchange Rate Volatility and Productivity Growth: the Role of Liability Dollarization," Cahiers de Recherches Economiques du Département d'économie 10.09, Université de Lausanne, Faculté des HEC, Département d’économie.
  • Handle: RePEc:lau:crdeep:10.09
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    3. Capasso, Salvatore & Neanidis, Kyriakos C., 2019. "Domestic or foreign currency? Remittances and the composition of deposits and loans," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 160(C), pages 168-183.
    4. Iwegbu, Onyebuchi & Nwaogwugwu, Isaac Chiawolam, 2019. "Effect of Exchange Rate Shock on Key Sectors of the Nigerian Economy," EconStor Open Access Articles and Book Chapters, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, pages 507-533.
    5. Fisera, Boris & Workie Tiruneh, Menbere & Hojdan, David, 2021. "Currency depreciations in emerging economies: A blessing or a curse for external debt management?," International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 168(C), pages 132-165.
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    7. Ibrahima Amadou Diallo, 2015. "The Effects of Real Exchange Rate Volatility on Productivity Growth," Eastern European Business and Economics Journal, Eastern European Business and Economics Studies Centre, vol. 1(2), pages 66-84.
    8. Tang, Bo, 2015. "Real exchange rate and economic growth in China: A cointegrated VAR approach," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 293-310.
    9. Alexey Ponomarenko & Alexandra Solovyeva & Elena Vasilieva, 2013. "Financial dollarization in Russia: causes and consequences," Macroeconomics and Finance in Emerging Market Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 6(2), pages 221-243, September.
    10. Nadide Yigiteli & Fahriye Ozturk, 2022. "Macroeconomic Determinants of Total Factor Productivity: An Analysis on the Example of OECD Countries," Istanbul Journal of Economics-Istanbul Iktisat Dergisi, Istanbul University, Faculty of Economics, vol. 72(72-1), pages 293-328, June.
    11. repec:eeb:15v1n2:v:1:y:2015:i:2:p:66-84 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Zarei, Samira, 2019. "How do Real Exchange Rate Movements Affect the Economic Growth in Iran?," MPRA Paper 99102, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    13. Cecilia Bermúdez & Carlos Dabús, 2018. "Going under to stay on top: How much real exchange rate undervaluation is needed to boost growth in developing countries," Estudios de Economia, University of Chile, Department of Economics, vol. 45(1 Year 20), pages 5-28, June.
    14. Mehdi Seraj & Pejman Bahramian & Abdulkareem Alhassan & Rasool Dehghanzadeh Shahabad, 2020. "The validity of Rodrik’s conclusion on real exchange rate and economic growth: factor priority evidence from feature selection approach," Palgrave Communications, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 6(1), pages 1-6, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    exchange rate regimes; growth; liability dollarization;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance
    • O24 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - Trade Policy; Factor Movement; Foreign Exchange Policy
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • O42 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Monetary Growth Models

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