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What do almost 20 years of micro data and two crises say about the relationship between central bank and interbank market liquidity? Evidence from Italy

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  • Massimiliano Affinito

    () (Bank of Italy)

Abstract

This paper studies the mutual interplay between central bank (CB) liquidity provisions and interbank markets (IM) liquidity exchanges exploring whether the relationship changes during IM impairments and CB massive liquidity injections in the global and sovereign crises. The analysis leverages on a dataset containing seventeen years of monthly bank-by-bank and counterparty-by-counterparty data from 1998 to 2015 in Italy. The results show the existence of a complementarity relationship. Banks receiving CB liquidity redistribute more to other banks. When CB liquidity increases exponentially in the crises some healthy banks specialize in interbank lending. The complementarity relationship helps to offset the euro-area fragmentation via domestic interbank relationships and to adjust collateral and maturity profiles of banks’ liquidity.

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  • Massimiliano Affinito, 2019. "What do almost 20 years of micro data and two crises say about the relationship between central bank and interbank market liquidity? Evidence from Italy," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1238, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdi:wptemi:td_1238_19
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    liquidity; financial and sovereign crises; central bank intervention; interbank;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • C30 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - General

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