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The Role of Interbank Relationships and Liquidity Needs

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  • Ben R. Craig
  • Falko Fecht
  • Gunseli Tumer-Alkan

Abstract

In this paper, we focus on the interconnectedness of banks and the price they pay for liquidity. We assess how the concentration of credit relationships and the position of a bank in the network topology of the system influence the bank?s ability to meet its liquidity demand. We use quarterly data of bilateral interbank credit exposures between all German banks from 2000 to 2008 to measure interbank relationships and the network characteristics. We match these data with the bids placed by the individual banks in the European Central Bank?s (ECB) weekly repo auctions. The bids measure each bank?s willingness to pay for liquidity since they had variable rate tenders with a ?pay-your-bid? price. Controlling for bank characteristics and the daily fulfillment of reserve requirements, we find that banks with a more diversified borrowing structure in the interbank market bid significantly less aggressively and pay a lower price for liquidity in the ECB?s main refinancing operations. These findings suggest that incentives to diversify bank liquidity risk dominate the benefits of private information. When the network position of the bank is taken into account, we find that central lenders in the money market bid more aggressively in the auctions.

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  • Ben R. Craig & Falko Fecht & Gunseli Tumer-Alkan, 2014. "The Role of Interbank Relationships and Liquidity Needs," Working Papers (Old Series) 1421, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedcwp:1421
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    3. León, Carlos & Machado, Clara & Sarmiento, Miguel, 2018. "Identifying central bank liquidity super-spreaders in interbank funds networks," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 75-92.
    4. Degryse, Hans & Karas, Alexei & Schoors, Koen, 2019. "Relationship lending during a trust crisis on the interbank market: A friend in need is a friend indeed," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 182(C), pages 1-4.
    5. Marnix Van Soom & Milan Van Den Heuvel & Jan Ryckebusch & Koen Schoors, 2019. "Loan Maturity Aggregation In Interbank Lending Networks Obscures Mesoscale Structure And Economic Functions," Working Papers of Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, Ghent University, Belgium 19/952, Ghent University, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.
    6. Rainone, Edoardo, 2020. "The network nature of over-the-counter interest rates," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 47(C).
    7. Kobayashi, Teruyoshi & Takaguchi, Taro, 2018. "Identifying relationship lending in the interbank market: A network approach," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 20-36.
    8. Martínez, Constanza & Cizek, Pavel & Leon Rincon, Carlos, 2018. "Ownership Networks Effects on Secured Borrowing," Other publications TiSEM acb00047-4136-4a18-b5a4-a, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    9. Diemo Dietrich & Achim Hauck, 2020. "Interbank borrowing and lending between financially constrained banks," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 70(2), pages 347-385, September.
    10. Edoardo Gaffeo & Massimo Molinari, 2018. "A functional perspective on financial networks," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 13(1), pages 51-79, April.
    11. Riedler, Jesper & Brueckbauer, Frank, 2017. "Evaluating regulation within an artificial financial system: A framework and its application to the liquidity coverage ratio regulation," ZEW Discussion Papers 17-022, ZEW - Leibniz Centre for European Economic Research.
    12. Jean-Loup, Soula, 2017. "Measuring heterogeneity in bank liquidity risk: Who are the winners and losers?," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 302-313.
    13. Bednarek, Peter & Dinger, Valeriya & von Westernhagen, Natalja, 2015. "Fundamentals matter: Idiosyncratic shocks and interbank relations," Discussion Papers 44/2015, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    14. Vergote, Olivier & Sugo, Tomohiro, 2020. "Who takes the ECB’s targeted funding?," Working Paper Series 2439, European Central Bank.
    15. Zhang, Ailian & Wang, Shuyao & Liu, Bai & Fu, Jingyuan, 2020. "How government regulation of interbank financing impacts risk for Chinese commercial banks," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(C).
    16. Q. Farooq Akram & Casper Christophersen, 2017. "Pricing in the Norwegian Interbank Market – the Effects of Liquidity and Implicit Government Support," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 79(2), pages 165-204, April.
    17. Teruyoshi Kobayashi & Taro Takaguchi, 2017. "Significant ties: Identifying relationship lending in temporal interbank networks," Discussion Papers 1717, Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University.
    18. Batiz-Zuk, Enrique & López-Gallo, Fabrizio & Martínez-Jaramillo, Serafín & Solórzano-Margain, Juan Pablo, 2016. "Calibrating limits for large interbank exposures from a system-wide perspective," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 198-216.
    19. Evanthia K. Zervoudi, 2019. "Parallel banking system: Opportunities and Challenges," Journal of Applied Finance & Banking, SCIENPRESS Ltd, vol. 9(4), pages 1-4.
    20. Hryckiewicz, Aneta & Kozlowski, Lukasz, 2018. "The consequences of liquidity imbalance: When net lenders leave interbank markets," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 36(C), pages 82-97.
    21. Brossard, Olivier & Saroyan, Susanna, 2016. "Hoarding and short-squeezing in times of crisis: Evidence from the Euro overnight money market," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 163-185.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Interbank markets; liquidity; relationship lending; networks;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D44 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Auctions
    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation

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