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A dynamic network model of the unsecured interbank lending market

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  • Blasques, Francisco

    () (Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam)

  • Brauning, Falk

    () (Federal Reserve Bank of Boston)

  • Lelyveld, Iman Van

    () (De Nederlandsche Bank)

Abstract

The unsecured interbank lending market plays a crucial role in financing business activity, a fact underscored by the market's disruption following the Lehman Brothers failure in September 2008. This event, a defining moment in the global financial crisis, fostered greater uncertainty about counterparty risk, an adverse shock that severely curtailed credit supply, hampered monetary policy, and negatively impacted the real economy. To counteract the consequences of the crisis, central banks became the primary intermediaries for a large portion of the money market. However, a single main counterparty reduces the incentives for peer monitoring and the market discipline obtained from private information about counterparty credit risk. To assess the benefits gained from having a decentralized market, this paper builds and estimates a dynamic network model of interbank lending using transaction-level data. The analysis focuses on assessing the roles that credit-risk uncertainty and private information, gathered through peer monitoring and repeated interactions, play in shaping the network of bilateral lending relationships, interest rates, loan volumes, and the liquidity allocation among banks. The paper also analyzes how changes in the central bank's interest rate corridor affect the interbank market structure.

Suggested Citation

  • Blasques, Francisco & Brauning, Falk & Lelyveld, Iman Van, 2016. "A dynamic network model of the unsecured interbank lending market," Working Papers 16-3, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedbwp:16-3
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    Cited by:

    1. Aldasoro, Iñaki & Faia, Ester, 2016. "Systemic loops and liquidity regulation," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 1-16.
    2. Gofman, Michael, 2017. "Efficiency and stability of a financial architecture with too-interconnected-to-fail institutions," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 124(1), pages 113-146.
    3. Falk Bräuning & Falko Fecht, 2017. "Relationship Lending in the Interbank Market and the Price of Liquidity," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 21(1), pages 33-75.
    4. Q. Farooq Akram & Casper Christophersen, 2017. "Pricing in the Norwegian Interbank Market – the Effects of Liquidity and Implicit Government Support," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 79(2), pages 165-204, April.
    5. Rünstler, Gerhard, 2016. "Network Dependence in the Euro Area Money Market," Working Paper Series 1887, European Central Bank.
    6. Paul Glasserman, 2015. "Contagion in Financial Networks," Economics Series Working Papers 764, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
    7. Anand, Kartik & van Lelyveld, Iman & Banai, Ádám & Friedrich, Soeren & Garratt, Rodney & Hałaj, Grzegorz & Fique, Jose & Hansen, Ib & Jaramillo, Serafín Martínez & Lee, Hwayun & Molina-Borboa, José Lu, 2018. "The missing links: A global study on uncovering financial network structures from partial data," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 107-119.
    8. Abbassi, Puriya & Bräuning, Falk & Schulze, Niels, 2017. "Bargaining power and outside options in the interbank lending market," Discussion Papers 31/2017, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    9. Edoardo Rainone, 2017. "Pairwise trading in the money market during the European sovereign debt crisis," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1160, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
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    12. Glasserman, Paul & Young, H. Peyton, 2016. "Contagion in financial networks," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 68681, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    13. Chiu, Jonathan & Monnet, Cyril, 2016. "Relationships in the interbank market," Working Paper Series 5210, Victoria University of Wellington, School of Economics and Finance.
    14. Gabrieli, Silvia & Georg, Co-Pierre, 2014. "A network view on interbank market freezes," Discussion Papers 44/2014, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    15. Paul Glasserman & H. Peyton Young, 2016. "Contagion in Financial Networks," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 54(3), pages 779-831, September.
    16. Simpson Zhang & Mihaela van der Schaar, 2018. "Reputational Dynamics in Financial Networks During a Crisis," Working Papers 18-03, Office of Financial Research, US Department of the Treasury.
    17. Matteo Chinazzi & Stefano Pegoraro & Giorgio Fagiolo, 2015. "Defuse the Bomb: Rewiring Interbank Networks," LEM Papers Series 2015/16, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
    18. Paul Glasserman & H. Peyton Young, 2015. "Contagion in Financial Markets," Working Papers 15-21, Office of Financial Research, US Department of the Treasury.
    19. Francesco Palazzo, 2016. "Peer monitoring via loss mutualization," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1088, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    20. Fernando Linardi & Cees (C.G.H.) Diks & Marco (M.J.) van der Leij & Iuri Lazier, 2017. "Dynamic Interbank Network Analysis Using Latent Space Models," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 17-101/II, Tinbergen Institute.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    interbank liquidity; financial networks; credit-risk uncertainty; peer monitoring; monetary policy; trading relationships; indirect parameter estimation;

    JEL classification:

    • C33 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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