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The role of interbank relationships and liquidity needs

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  • Craig, Ben R.
  • Fecht, Falko
  • Tümer-Alkan, Günseli

Abstract

In this paper, we focus on the interconnectedness of banks and the price they pay for liquidity. We assess how the concentration of credit relationships and the position of a bank in the network topology of the system influence the bank’s ability to meet liquidity demand. We use quarterly data of bilateral interbank credit exposure among all German banks from 2000 to 2008 to measure interbank relationships and network characteristics. We match these data with bids placed by individual banks in the European Central Bank’s (ECB) weekly repo auctions. The bids measure each bank’s willingness to pay for liquidity, since they had variable rate tenders with a “pay-your-bid” price. Controlling for bank characteristics and the daily fulfillment of reserve requirements, we find that banks with a more diversified borrowing structure in the interbank market bid significantly less aggressively and pay a lower price for liquidity in the ECB’s main refinancing operations. These findings suggest that incentives to diversify banks’ liquidity risk dominate the benefits of private information. When the network position of the bank is taken into account, we find that central lenders in the money market bid more aggressively in auctions.

Suggested Citation

  • Craig, Ben R. & Fecht, Falko & Tümer-Alkan, Günseli, 2015. "The role of interbank relationships and liquidity needs," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 99-111.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbfina:v:53:y:2015:i:c:p:99-111
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbankfin.2014.12.022
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    Cited by:

    1. Michal Skorepa & Jakub Seidler, 2015. "Capital buffers based on banks’ domestic systemic importance: selected issues," Journal of Financial Economic Policy, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 7(3), pages 207-220, August.
    2. Carlos León & Clara Machado & Miguel Sarmiento, 2014. "Identifying central bank liquidity super-spreaders in interbank funds networks," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 011187, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    3. Martinez, Constanza & Cizek, Pavel & Leon Rincon, Carlos, 2018. "Ownership Networks Effects on Secured Borrowing," Discussion Paper 2018-015, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
    4. Edoardo Gaffeo & Massimo Molinari, 2018. "A functional perspective on financial networks," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 13(1), pages 51-79, April.
    5. Riedler, Jesper & Brueckbauer, Frank, 2017. "Evaluating regulation within an artificial financial system: A framework and its application to the liquidity coverage ratio regulation," ZEW Discussion Papers 17-022, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    6. repec:eee:quaeco:v:66:y:2017:i:c:p:302-313 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Teruyoshi Kobayashi & Taro Takaguchi, 2017. "Identifying relationship lending in the interbank market: A network approach," Papers 1708.08594, arXiv.org, revised Apr 2018.
    8. repec:eee:finsta:v:35:y:2018:i:c:p:75-92 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Bednarek, Peter & Dinger, Valeriya & von Westernhagen, Natalja, 2015. "Fundamentals matter: Idiosyncratic shocks and interbank relations," Discussion Papers 44/2015, Deutsche Bundesbank.
    10. Q. Farooq Akram & Casper Christophersen, 2017. "Pricing in the Norwegian Interbank Market – the Effects of Liquidity and Implicit Government Support," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 79(2), pages 165-204, April.
    11. Teruyoshi Kobayashi & Taro Takaguchi, 2017. "Significant ties: Identifying relationship lending in temporal interbank networks," Discussion Papers 1717, Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University.
    12. Batiz-Zuk, Enrique & López-Gallo, Fabrizio & Martínez-Jaramillo, Serafín & Solórzano-Margain, Juan Pablo, 2016. "Calibrating limits for large interbank exposures from a system-wide perspective," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 198-216.
    13. repec:eee:finsta:v:36:y:2018:i:c:p:82-97 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Jean-Loup SOULA, 2015. "Measuring heterogeneity in bank liquidity risk: who are the winners and the losers?," Working Papers of LaRGE Research Center 2015-09, Laboratoire de Recherche en Gestion et Economie (LaRGE), Université de Strasbourg.
    15. Brossard, Olivier & Saroyan, Susanna, 2016. "Hoarding and short-squeezing in times of crisis: Evidence from the Euro overnight money market," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 163-185.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Interbank markets; Liquidity; Relationship lending; Networks;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • D44 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Auctions
    • L14 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Transactional Relationships; Contracts and Reputation
    • D85 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Network Formation

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